Traditional Chinese Medicine
Asian herbal medicine involves therapy using herbal preparations that are often complex mixtures of many different herbs. Asian herbal medicine frequently is used in combination with acupuncture, but it also may be used on its own. Asian herbal medicine may be administered in several different ways, including as tablets, pills, powders, capsules, or tinctures. Raw herbs or extracts of herbs also may be used. When considering the use of Asian herbal medicine, it is essential to know which specific herbs are being used and to recognize that the full range of effectiveness and toxicity has not been fully established for any of these herbal preparations. These issues and other important factors related to herbal medicine in general are discussed in more detail in the section on herbs. In addition, the section on herbs has information on some Asian herbs, including Asian ginseng, astragalus, dong-quai, ephedra (ma huang), Ginkgo biloba, and licorice (see Herbs ). Limited information is...
A study in Arthritis & Rheumatism found that patients taking a ginger extract benefited from moderate improvements in knee pain. The study confirmed ginger's use as an anti-inflammatory agent in Chinese medicine, dating back more than twenty-five hundred years.
Qi vacuity is a relatively mild disorder of the network. It can develop into a more serious disorder with yang vacuity symptoms if it persists and the damage increases. More severe damage can injure the organ system structure and present with the same symptoms as yin vacuity. Progression of disorders is not always so clear-cut and may involve gradual transitions and the involvement of other networks. The most common cause weakening the energy exchange of the kidneys are the strong demands made on the body by our civilized world. Both mental and physical overexertion often lead first to kidney qi vacuity, then to kidney yang vacuity, and with prolonged overexertion and stress, finally to kidney yin vacuity. Too much work under time pressure, a hasty, unbalanced and insufficient diet, and not enough time for rest and relaxation can weaken kidney energy within weeks or months. If such constant exhaustion is not balanced or taken care of, serious disorders can develop in...
Alternatives to conventional medical care are increasingly popular in the United States, and their growing use by consumers represents a major trend in Western medicine. Alternative therapies appear to be used most frequently for medical conditions that are chronic, such as back pain, arthritis, sleep disorders, headache, and digestive problems. Surveys of U.S. consumers have shown that more people visit alternative practitioners each year than visit conventional primary-care physicians. Consumers do not necessarily reject conventional medicine, however. Many simply feel that alternative modalities offer complementary approaches that are more in line with their personal health philosophies.
Another point concerning T'ai Chi is related to its healing abilities. Just as Western medicine and surgery is not 100-percent effective in all cases, so too with T'ai Chi. For a small percentage of people, T'ai Chi will be either impossible to perform, even with adaptations, because of the severity of their afflictions, or it will have no observable healing effects. This could be due to improper practice techniques or not incorporating breathing into the movements. Regardless of the reasons, it is vitally important to remember that Western and Eastern modalities should be combined to create the perfect health regimen.
My experience of the extraordinary benefits of the Zhan Zhuang style of Chi Kung exercise stretches over the past 50 years, during which time I have studied its application in hospitals and clinics throughout China. People of all ages have come to be treated for disorders that often neither Western medicine nor traditional Chinese medicine could cure hypertension arthritis some tumours, and other chronic disorders of the respiratory, cardiovascular, and nervous systems. The time has come to make this system of preventative and therapeutic health care open to everyone. The Way of Energy makes a unique contribution to understanding the health and potential that is the natural heritage of every human being. I am pleased to have been able to collaborate in this with Master Lam Kam Chuen of Hong Kong. A qualified practitioner of traditional Chinese medicine, he has contributed to my own experience as a surgeon in the Western medical tradition, both through his own research in the ancient...
And so these techniques continued to be used, with great effect, for hundreds of years. In the twentieth century, while Western medicine was relying heavily on new drugs, improved surgical techniques and so on, this ancient and proven method of healing was still highly valued in the East. During the revolution of 1911, when China ceased to be ruled by emperors, Jiang Weigiao's Yin Shi Zi Sitting Still Exercises became very popular in Shanghai. Nor, to begin with, did .advent of Communism in 1949 affect the high regard in which Qigong was held. The first Qigong therapy clinic was established at Tangshan in Heibei Province in 1955, and another was set up two years later in Shanghai. That Qigong was taken seriously even in official quarters is evidenced by the fact that in 1959 the Ministry for PubIic Health held the First National Meeting for the Exchange of Qigong Experiences at Beidihe in Heibei Province it was attended by some sixty-four groups from seventeen provinces,...
The Web That Has No Weaver Understanding Chinese Medicine. By Ted J. Kaptchuk, O.M.D Chicago, McGraw Hill Contemporary Books, 2nd Edition, 2000. Index, bibliography, appendices, notes, 500 pages. Foreward by Margaret Caudill, M.D., and by Andrew Weil, M.D. ISBN 0809228408. MGC. An excellent introduction to traditional Chinese medicine and modern research on the topic.
First, Qigong makes my body strong and healthy. I have more energy for everyday life, -because Qigong follows the natural way to strengthen the internal body. Based on Chinese medicine, Yin and Yang, the acupuncture points and channels, and concentrating on the breathing, mind and movement, Qigong brings the body back to normal, working with nature to follow the universal rhythm.
These esoteric practices were an integral part of the development of Chinese medicine, where acupuncture, herbology and other aspects of what would now be called holistic medicine reached a state of high refinement unsurpassed by any other early civilization. But by the end of the fourteenth century in China, these arts were in decline for various political reasons, causing many of the teachers to be scattered from their schools and forced to go under ground.
Chinese medicine attempts to answer these questions in terms of Qi (vital energy). Qi is the energy which sustains us. If you don't maintain your qi then maybe you will become tired and ill. For example, when you finish work. You go home, you might watch T.V, read a book, or even go to the pub and have a drink. Afterwards you feel tired, even though you've been relaxing. Why You feel tired because you have been using your energy, even reading a book uses energy When your energy is low you will start to feel weak and tired. In this condition you will easily become ill. Michael's teachings include Qigong forms, meditation, the principles of Chinese medicine (five elements), the I Ching and Fung Shui.
In the model of Traditional Chinese Medicine, your immunity is determined by the strength and circulation of your Chi. This is the vital energy that moves throughout the entire body, enriching every cell and extending beyond the body in a protective aura. This is the energy that Zhan Zhuang stimulates and increases, taking your entire energetic matrix to a new level of activity and greatly strengthening the external circulation of Chi in all directions out beyond the level of your skin.
15.5 Plants Used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) The practice of TCM has been documented for thousands of years, and the medicinal preparations used include various substances of animal, fungal and plant origin. TCM has also influenced the traditional medicine practiced in neighbouring regions, such as Japan, Korea and Vietnam. The plant described in the Pharmacopoeia of the People's Republic of China (2005) as Evodia rutaecarpa (Juss.) Benth. (Rutaceae) is used in TCM for its reputed cardiotonic, restorative and analgesic effects 237 . Extracts and alkaloids isolated from this plant have been investigated for activities that might help to explain the reputed restorative effects. An ethanol extract of this plant and four compounds present, dehydroevodiamine (26), evodiamine (27), rutaecarpine (28) and synephrine (29), have been shown to be anti-inflammatory in vitro 238 , an action that has been implicated as potential therapy in some cognitive disorders.
Cortisone and hydrocortisone help to regulate the body's glucose. Since the late 1940s, corticosteroids have been used medically to alter and suppress immune function. With a phenomenal range of applications, corticosteroids were quickly adopted as miracle cures'' for the full range of autoimmune diseases, including the difficult-to-manage rheumatoid arthritis. However, it did not take long for clinicians and researchers to discover that there was a severe cost for chronic corticosteroid use. Countless patients developed physical conditions that, prior to such widespread use of these agents, were rarely seen by practitioners of Western medicine such as osteoporosis, poor wound healing, abdominal obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, and fluid retention. Poorly monitored corticosteroid administration can result in a condition similar to Cushing's syndrome, an endogenous hypercortisolemia disease. A temporary treatment with very low doses of cortisone may be beneficial, however, in...
In TCM the acupuncture point ST-36 is said to strengthen the immune system and boost the body's resistance to disease (Ross 1995). The Spleen's function of constantly transforming what is consumed into new Qi and Blood also plays a part in the body's defence system (Liang 2003). Recent studies from Korea and Taiwan have shown an impact on autoimmune diseases such as SLE and arthritis with electro-acupuncture and moxibustion on ST-36 and SP-6, by 'suppressing autoimmunity and modulating immune abnormality' (Kung et al 2006, Yun-Kyong et al 2007).
Many other plants have been considered to display estrogenic effects in some studies, but their physiological significance and any potential clinical relevance in improving cognition require further investigation. Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi (Leguminosae), a plant used in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), and some of its component isoflavones (e.g. puerarin (12)) have shown estrogenic activity in vitro 108 . Puerarin also attenuates the deficits of inhibitory avoidance performance in rats, which was associated with an increase in cholinergic activity via nico-tinic, but not muscarinic, receptors, in addition to activation of N-methyl-D- aspartate (NMDA) receptors, and a decrease in serotonergic neuronal activity 109 . Another study in which postmenopausal women were treated with P. lobata (equivalent to 100 mg isoflavones) for 3 months suggested it could promote some favourable effects on cognitive function 110 . It is apparent that some phytoestrogens do show potential for use in...
Even 3600 years ago, insects, their parts, and toxins derived from them were used to alleviate a number of human ills. Some of the remedies were less than effective (e.g., notably hirsute flies and bees used to treat baldness). Other insect-derived remedies were more credible because they have at their core a chemical property that today confirms their efficacy. For example, the hemolymph of cicadas has a high sodium ion concentration and was recommended in preparations to treat bladder and kidney dysfunction. Hemolymph is known to possess antibacterial properties and has thus been recommended in prescriptions to treat bacterial infections and sepsis. Traditional Chinese medicine includes a wealth of insects and other arthropods in its pharmacopoeia. Dried cockroaches, blister beetles, maggots, silkworm larvae, cicada exuviae, cicada nymphs and adults, and recipes using mole crickets, mantid oothecae, and silkworm frass can be purchased at traditional Chinese drugstores.
Acupuncture (AP) is a form of traditional Chinese medicine, which uses fine needles to stimulate AP points that lie on specific lines or meridians. Once placed, a small electric current can be used to stimulate the points through the needle or the needle may be twitched or oscillated by hand.
Physical, and psychological effect. (American Psychological Association. American Journal of Chinese Medicine 9 (1) 1-14 (Spring 1981).) Cures Preventions Proponents claim that T'ai Chi can also (1) cure illnesses such as hypertension, asthma, and insomnia (2) prevent arteriosclerosis and spinal deformity, and (3) shorten recovery phase from long-term illness. Results from a study by Chen Munyi (1963) with elderly T'ai Chi practitioners show that this group had RTs, strength, and flexibility superior to nonpractitioners. (American Psychological Association. American Journal of Chinese Medicine 9 (1) 15-22 (Spring 1981).)
(restoring balance and strengthening the patient's constitution), and is generally found in hospitals and clinics. It involves Qi transmission,from medical doctoror Qigong healer to pa tient, to help relieve symptoms and improve the patient's condition by raising his Qi (and spirit) and helping Qi flow. It also involves teaching the patient specific exercisesfor his condition, so that he may continue to maintain himself and prevent illness from returning. (Qigong therapy can also work in conjunction with Western medicine it helps repairthe body's cells damaged bydrugs, radiation treatment, and chemotherapy Qigong heals minor complaints from allergies, headache, backache, insomnia, and constipation to chronic conditions such as hepatitis, tuberculosis, bronchitis, neurasthenia, neurosis, hypertension, hypotension,
Many people wonder how this can be possible. How can Qigong help with all these different problems Especially for people raised in the Western world, it is easy to understand why they have these questions. Western medicine is wonderful medicine but it usually focuses only on the specific problem. Western medicine treats symptoms or syndromes. The Qigong approach to health is entirely different. While Western medicine viewed each of Stacy's problems as separate issues, in Qigong we are dealing with the whole person the body, mind, emotions and spirit as one interconnected and interdependent being. In practicing Qigong you are removing all of the energy blockages in the body and balancing all of the body's energy at the same time. In this way you are treating not just a specific problem or symptom but your whole body, mind, emotions and spirit - the whole person.
As time went by, the movements and dances began to evolve into a more systemised skill. The people of the Yellow River were great observers of nature. So they came to understand that there are two sides to everything. They saw that as summer passes, winter comes breathing in, we must then breathe out we have life, but we also have death. They called this phenomenon Yin and Yang, or the observation of opposites. Yin means dark, soft, hidden, slow, and represents the female. Yang means bright, hard, open, fast, and represents the male. The concept that everything in nature has an opposing force is the foundation of all Chinese culture. It is also the basis of all developments in Chinese medicine, cooking, Qigong, martial arts and philosophy.
Reasonable amount of knowledge of the subject therapists can achieve considerable success at very little cost. Another added benefit is safety. There are little if any side effects with magnetic therapy. With the spiralling cost of western medicine it is not hard to understand why magnetic therapy has been called The Medicine of the Twenty First Century. TCMto for people with knowledge of Traditional Chinese Medicine to say we already knew that these two energies were different. But here in the West we are obsessed with scientific evidence and clinical test and trials. Simply knowing something works is not good enough we have to know why and how it works. This on the whole is a good thing. It took the Food and Drugs Administration in the USA eleven years to give magnetic therapy a clean bill of health and pronounce it safe.
Anyway, whether you receive western or eastern care Chinese herbal medicine is needed after labour to tonify the Qi and blood in order to strengthen the body and promote blood circulation. Also it will remove blood stasis and stop the bleeding quickly as well as brightening the complexion.
After a period of five years, I am again doing Wing Chun. Severe arthritis pain and inflammation stopped me almost completely, but I got sick of being sick and no results from Western medicine. So started practising Taiji for a year and a half, untill I could get enough movement to go to a class. I am also taking a herbal remedy. However, I was wondering if there is any Qigong exercise which would help a frozen right shoulder and help improve my Siu Lim Tao, especially the Bong Sau and generally improve my Wing Chun. I am nearly 53 years old and took Wing Chun after being told I could no longer do martial arts due to injuries from a motorcycle accident and back injury. Wing Chun was the perfect answer. Many thanks for your reply. Your sincerely, LG, New Zealand
Source of marked controversy in Western medicine because of the lack of clear understanding of its physiologic effects. One reason for this lack of understanding is that the points of stimulation in acupuncture are derived from ancient Chinese beliefs about disease processes and are frequently not related to known nervous system pathways.
Bites and bee stings, and is used internally for the treatment of malarial fever. Hypericum erectum Thunb. is an important herb in Chinese medicine as an anti-hemorrhagic agent, astringent, and antibiotic that is known to contain antiviral phloroglucinol derivatives, as well as the anti-hemorrhagic compounds otogirin and otogirone. Also, because the plant is known to elaborate a series of polyprenylated phloroglucinol derivatives including erectquione A, B, C, its potential as a lipoxygenase inhibitor would be worth assessing (33). The family Apiaceae is a large group of flowering plants which comprises some 250 genera of herbs, mostly growing in temperate regions, the principal botanical hallmark of which is the presence of umbels, dissected leaves, pungent or aromatic smell, and hollowed and articulate stems. A large number of Apiaceae is of value in Western medicine, notably Anethum graveolens L. (dill, British Pharmaceutical Codex, 1954), Foeniculum vulgare (fennel, British...
Recent research is accumulating evidence that cannabis therapies are effective for arthritis and the other rheumatic and degenerative hip, joint and connective tissue disorders. Since these are frequently extremely painful conditions, the ability of cannabis to combat chronic pain makes it useful for that aspect, both on its own and as an adjunct therapy that enhances the efficacy of opiod painkillers. The use of cannabis as a treatment for musclo-skeletal pain in western medicine dates to the 1700s.12 The therapeutic use of cannabis for treating muscle problems and movement disorders has been known to western medicine for nearly two centuries. In 1839, Dr. William B. O'Shaughnessy noted the plant's muscle relaxant and anti-convulsant properties, writing that doctors had gained an anti-convulsive remedy of the greatest value. 96 In 1890 Dr. J. Russell Reynolds, physician to Queen Victoria, noted in an article in The Lancet that
Properties of the herb (and extract) are antispasmodic, aphrodisiac, anticoagulant, bactericidal, carminative, depurative, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, febrifuge, hepatic, nervine, stimulant, stomachic and tonic. Powdered root is administered to children in warm water for stomach complaints to check vomiting. It is also used in leucoderma. All parts promote perspiration, stimulate appetite, and are used to treat ailments of the chest and digestion (Westland, 1987). It is an alternative to artificial hormones during the menopause, a remedy for menstrual problems, a tonic for anemia, and a treatment for heart disease and high blood pressure. Medieval and Renaissance herbalists noted the blood-purifying powers of angelica. It was used as a remedy for poisons, agues and all infectious maladies. The fleshy roots were chewed and burnt to ward off infection during the 14th- and 15th-century plagues. It stimulates production of digestive juices, improves the...
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 17, 224 Argania spinosa 132 arganine 318ff., 328 Arnica spp. 44 aromadendrin 325 aromatherapy 60 aromatics 273, 297 aromoline alkaloid 329 Artemisia herba-alba 129f. arterial sclerosis 80 arthritis 80 ASAS 89 ascorbic acid 276ff ash content 35 Asian medicine 61, 69ff. asiaticoside 331 Aspergillus 36, 359
The bark of Eucommia ulmoides Oliv. has been widely used as a tonic medicinal herb in the Orient, but is less well-known to the West 12,13 . It is used for the treatment of hypertension either as a single herb or in combination with one or two of the above-mentioned herbs in the traditional herbal prescription. According to the ancient writing of Chinese medicinal herbs 12 , Eucommia ulmoides, prepared from the leaf or bark, is commonly used as a tonic for the liver and kidney, thus improving detoxification (by liver) and circulation (via kidney), respectively. The antioxidant effect of some of the chemical constituents of Eucommia leaf and bark may also contribute to its anti-inflammatory action 14 . Many studies have focused on the blood pressure-lowering effect of Eucommia leaf and bark 13, 15-19 and their chemical constituents 14 , Surprisingly, little is known
But it is far better known for its medicinal value, so valuable that it was apparently used as the sign of an apothecary's shop, in Paris (Grieve. 1931). It was on coughs and all chest ailments that it built its reputation, as a tea (often with honey (Thomson. 1976)), as a piece of coltsfoot rock, to chew, or as coltsfoot wine (M Evans), or as pectoral beans or jelly (Grigson. 1955). And it can be smoked, like tobacco. Bechion, the plant in Dioscorides taken to be coltsfoot, was smoked against a dry cough, and it is still smoked in all herbal tobacco (Grigson. 1955), as it is also in Chinese medicine (F P Smith), for asthma and bronchitis, and even for lung cancer (Perry & Metzger). Gypsies smoke the dried leaves, and the tea is taken for coughs (Vesey-Fitzgerald). 0 Suilleabhain quotes its use in Ireland for asthma the fresh leaves would be boiled in milk, and the lot eaten. It was smoked by
Frankincense is the gum resin secreted by the tree Boswellia serrata (or B. carteri). Frankincense and its close relative myrrh (Commiphora species.) have a history of use dating to ancient Egyptian civilizations 5,000 years ago.67,68 Both plants are used in Chinese herbal medicine for treating pain from trauma and other swellings. Frankincense is also applied topically to promote healing of sores. A primary active compound in frankincense is boswellic acid, which occurs naturally in both an alpha and beta form (see Figures A.65 and A.66 in Appendix A). The commonly prescribed dose of Boswellia resin for noncancerous conditions in Chinese herbal medicine is 3 to 9 grams per day, although the actual content of boswellic acid in the resin has not been reported. Human anti-inflammatory studies have used doses of 600 milligrams per day of boswellic acid and 0.9 to 1.1 grams of resin per day. The LOAEL dose for boswellic acid is estimated at 2.7 grams daily (see Appendix J).
Dosage From 500 to 3000 mg day in divided doses. Extracts produce the most consistent results. Taking higher doses should be done only under the supervision of a health professional, and avoided as a general rule. Thomas H. Crook III, Ph.D., and Brenda Adderly, M.H.A., do not recommend taking it, based on many of the precautions cited above, while Dharma Singh Khalsa, M.D., recommends taking four to eight tablets a day of the Chinese medicine Ching Chun Bao, which contains, among other things, Royal Manchurian ginseng, the strongest and most effective form of ginseng.
Mushrooms play a major role in traditional Chinese medicine and as components of contemporary Chinese health foods. Many Basidiomycetes mushrooms contain biologically active polysacchar-ides in fruiting bodies, cultured mycelium, or culture broth. Most belong to the group of beta-glucans that have both beta-(1 3) and beta-(1 6) linkages. Although they stimulate macrophages and natural killer cells, the anticancer effect of mushroom polysaccharide extracts appears to be mediated by thymus-derived lymphocytes. In experimental animals, mushroom polysaccharides prevent oncogen-esis, show direct antitumor activity against various cancers, and prevent tumor metastasis. Clinical trials in humans have shown improvement in clinical outcome when chemotherapy was combined with the use of commercial mushroom polysaccharides like lentinan (from Lentinus edodes or shiitake), krestin (from Coriolus versicolor), or schizophyllan (from Schizophyllum commune). Mushroom extracts may fulfill their...
Practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine rely on a variety of aquatic plants and animals, some of which are used for multiple healing purposes. Cuttlefish bone, for example, is used to staunch bleeding, stop nocturnal emissions, treat diarrhoea, and cure skin ulcers. Pipefish are used to cure impotence and treat swellings. Clamshell, kelp and sargassum seaweed are combined to clear phlegm and stop coughing. Both marine and river turtles are used in the treatment of fever. Seahorses remain in high demand for the treatment of arthritis, impotence and urinary tract infections, and they have many other uses. Ground oyster shell is used for its calming effect, and abalone shell is used in the treatment of headache, dizziness and tremors (Bensky and Gamble, 1993).
Ito T, Seo N, Yagi H, Ohtani T, Tokura Y, Takigawa M, Furukawa F (2002) Unique therapeutic effects of the Japanese-Chinese herbal medicine, Sairei-to, on Th1 Th2 balance of the autoimmunity of MRL lpr mice. J Dermatol Sci 28 198-210 Izui S,Merino R, Iwamoto M,Fossati L (1994) Mechanisms of genetic control of murine systemic lupus erythematosus. Springer Semin Immunopathol 16 133-152 Kanauchi H, Furukawa F, Imamura S (1991) Characterization of cutaneous infiltrates in MRL lpr mice monitored from onset to the full development of lupus erythematosus-like skin lesions. J Invest Dermatol 96 478-483 Kanauchi H, Imamura S, Takigawa M, Furukawa F (1994a) Effects of cyclosporin A on lupus dermatoses in autoimmune-prone MRL Mp-lpr lpr mice. J Dermatol Treat 5 187-191 Kanauchi H, Imamura S, Takigawa M, Furukawa F (1994b) Evaluation of the Japanese-Chinese herbal medicine, Kampo, for the treatment of lupus dermatoses in autoimmune prone MRL Mp-lpr lpr mice. J Dermatol 21 935-939 Kitajima T,...
The earliest record of the medicinal use of the shrub A. annua (Qing Hao) dates back to 168 b.c. in the Fifty-two prescriptions discovered in one of the Han Dynasty tombs in Mawangdui this advocated the use of A. annua for the treatment of hemorrhoids. It is likely that the plant had been used for some time before this, as it appears in the Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing, the foundation text of Chinese herbal medicine. It is considered that this was first written in about 200 a.d., but represents the cumulative knowledge of herbal medicine transmitted orally over many centuries (Shou-zhong, 1997). This text claims that among other properties, Qing Hao relieves lodged heat in the joints, which could be interpreted as treating rheumatoid arthritis, or possibly a number of febrile conditions. Li Shizhen (1596) described the use of Qing Hao for malarial fevers in his Bencao Gangmu.
Traditional Chinese Medicine
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