1. Osteoporosis, decreased number of trabeculae, 'coarse' trabecular pattern; radiolucent areas in the cortex; widened metaphyses; deossification and unsharpness of epiphyseal centers; bowing of long bones (osteomalacia, rickets)
2. Areas of increased bone density; osteosclerotic foci around the cartilaginous end-plates in the spine; periarticular and vascular calcification (osteomalacia, especially accompanying renal osteodystrophy)
3. Growth plate changes (often mild); bowing of long bones, especially in the extremities; mild osteope-nia (X-linked hypophosphatemia, children). Coarsened trabecular pattern; Looser's zones; pseudo-
fractures; elevated bone density; 'paradoxical' calcification and ossification of ligaments, tendons at their osseous insertion, annulus fibrosus, joint capsules, and ligamentum flavum, with narrowing of the spinal canal; osteoarthritis (X-linked hypophosphatemia, adults)
4. Femoral bowing; diffuse metaphyseal flaring; irregularity and widening of the growth plate, most pronounced at knees; enlarged capital femoral epiphyses; severe coxa vara; anterior cupping, splaying and sclerosis of the ribs; marked lumbar lordosis (metaphyseal dysplasia, Schmid type)
5. Anterolateral angulation of femurs; anterior angu-lation and shortening of tibias; hypoplastic fibulas; mild shortening and bowing of forearms (campomelic dysplasia)
6. Short, broad, and bowed femurs with irregular, flared metaphyses; shortening and bowing of other tubular bones, especially the humeri (kypho-melic dysplasia)
7. Lacy appearance of the iliac crests; 'flocky' or 'woolly' metaphyseal appearance; severe epiphy-seal deformation (parastremmatic dwarfism)
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Thank you for deciding to learn more about the disorder, Osteoarthritis. Inside these pages, you will learn what it is, who is most at risk for developing it, what causes it, and some treatment plans to help those that do have it feel better. While there is no definitive “cure” for Osteoarthritis, there are ways in which individuals can improve their quality of life and change the discomfort level to one that can be tolerated on a daily basis.