Index

Abdominal machine, 150, 151 Abductor pollicis longus, 229 Academic I Iealth Care Center of the New York College of Osteopathie Medicine study, 61 Acceleration, definition of, 52 Adduction machine, 233-34 Aerobic capacity (VO, max), 15-17, 39-40,131 Aerobic exercise, 18, 35-36. See also Exercise Workouts cardiovascular system and, 21 cycle, 24 duration, 18-19 intensity, 18-19, 35, 36-37 limited specificity of, 40-41 origins, 21 Aging, 110, 114-15, 239-40. See also Seniors reversals, 246-48...

Our ancestors

In our species' evolutionary history, health and normal physiological functioning were always pinned to activities that maintained an appropriate balance between an anabolic (building up) state and a catabolic (breaking down) state. For most of our ancestors, that catabolic state was produced by a type of activity that was extremely high force, such as moving boulders, building fences, and hunting and gathering. What needs to be pointed out is that from the vantage point of DNA, the human body...

What is exercise

To fully understand the relationship among exercise, fitness, and health, it is necessary to know precisely what exercise is, as opposed to mere physical activity. The important distinction is that exercise is purposefully directed activity that stimulates the body to produce a positive adaptation in one's level of fitness and health. Physical activity in general, while yielding the potential to produce certain adaptations in one's fitness and health, can unfortunately also undermine one's...