The Big Heart Disease Lie

Effective Home Treatment to Cure Cardiovascular Disease

Get Instant Access

1 Cullen JF. Occult temporal arteritis. Trans Ophthalmol Soc UK 1963;83:725-36.

2 Gresser EB. Partial occlusion of retinal vessels in a case of thromboangitis obliterans. Am J Ophthalmol 1932;15:235-7.

3 Goldsmith J. Periarteritis nodosa with involvement of the choroidal and retinal arteries. Am J Ophthalmol 1946;29:435-46.

4 Anderson RG, Gray EB. Spasm of the central retinal artery in Raynaud's disease. Arch Ophthalmol 1937;17:662-5.

5 Katz B. Migrainous central retinal artery occlusion. J Clin Neuro-Ophthalmol 1986;6:69-75.

6 Hayreh SS. Pathogenesis of occlusion of the central retinal vessels. Am J Ophthalmol 1971;72:998-1011.

7 Cogan DG, Wray SH. Vascular occlusions in the eye from cardiac myxomas. Am J Ophthalmol 1975;80:396-403.

8 Appen RE, Wray SH, Cogan DG. Central retinal artery occlusion. Am J Ophthalmol 1975;79:374-81.

9 Burde RM. Amaurosis fugax, an overview. J Clin Neuro-Ophthalmol 1989;9:185-9.

10 Greven CM, Slusher MM, Weaver RG. Retinal arterial occlusions in young adults. Am J Ophthalmol 1995;120:776-83.

11 Wray SH. Extracranial internal carotid artery disease. In: Bernstein EF, ed. Amaurosis fugax. New York: Springer Verlag, 1988;72-80.

12 Zimmerman LE. Embolism of central retinal artery, secondary to myocardial infarction with mural thrombosis. Arch Ophthalmol 1965;73:822-6.

13 Jayam AV, Hass WK, Carr RE, Kumar AJ. Saturday night retinopathy. J Neurol Sci 1974;22:413-18.

14 Givner I, Jaffe N. Occlusion of the central retinal artery following anesthesia. Arch Ophthalmol 1950;43:197-207.

15 Hollenhorst RW, Svien HJ, Benoit CF. Unilateral blindness occurring during anesthesia for neurosurgical operation. Arch Ophthalmol 1954;52:819-30.

16 Wolfe SW, Lospinuso MF, Burke SW. Unilateral blindness as a complication of patient positioning for spinal surgery. Spine 1992;17:600-5.

17 Brown GC. Retinal arterial obstructive disease. In: Schachat AP, Murphy RP, eds. Retina, 2nd edn. St Louis: CV Mosby, 1994:1361-77.

18 Mames RN, Shugar JK, Levy N, et al. For the CRAO Study Group. Peripheral thrombolytic therapy for central retinal artery occlusion. Arch Ophthalmol 1995;113:1094.

19 Mangat HS. Retinal artery occlusion. Surv Ophthalmol 1995;40:145-56.

20 Atebara NH, Brown GC, Carter J. Efficacy of anterior chamber paracentesis and carbogen in treating acute nonarteritic central retinal artery occlusion. Ophthalmology 1995;102:2029-35.

21 Stone R, Zink H, Klingele T, Burde RM. Visual recovery after central retinal artery occlusion: two cases. Ann Ophthalmol 1977;9:445.

22 Schmidt D, Schumacher M, Wakhloo AK. Microcatheter urokinase infusion in central retinal artery occlusion. Am J Ophthalmol 1992;113:429-34.

23 Beatty S, Eong KG. Local intra-arterial fibrinolysis for acute occlusion of the central retinal artery: a meta-analysis of the published data. Br J Ophthalmol 2000;84:914-16.

24 Beiran I, Goldenberg I, Adir Y, Tamir A, Shupak A, Miller B. Early hyperbaric oxygen therapy for retinal artery occlusion. Eur J Ophthalmol 2001;11:345-50.

25 Wilson LA, Warlow CP, Ross Russell RW. Cardiovascular disease in patients with retinal arterial occlusion. Lancet 1979;i:292-4.

26 Burde RM, Smith ME, Black JT. Retinal artery occlusion in the absence of a cherry red spot. Surv Ophthalmol 1982;27:181-6.

27 Brown GC, Magargal LE, Sergott R. Acute obstruction of the retinal and choroidal circulations. Ophthalmology 1986;93:1373-82.

28 Duker JS, Brown GC. Recovery following acute obstruction of the retinal and choroidal circulations. Retina 1988;8:257-60.

29 Rafuse PE, Nicolle DA, Hutnik CML, et al. Left atrial myxoma causing ophthalmic artery occlusion. Eye 1997;11:25-9.

30 Foroozan R, Savino PJ, Sergott RC. Embolic central retinal artery occlusion detected by orbital color Doppler imaging. Ophthalmology 2002;109:744-7.

31 Merchut MF, Gupta SR, Naheldy MH. The relation of retinal artery occlusion and carotid artery stenosis. Stroke 1988;19:1239-42.

32 Kistler JP, Furie KL. Carotid endarterectomy revisted. N Engl J Med 2000; 342:1743-5.

33 Mokhtari F, Massin P, Paques M, et al. Central retinal artery occlusion associated with head or neck pain revealing spontaneous internal carotid artery dissection. Am J Ophthalmol 2000;129:108-9.

34 Englert H, Hawkes CH, Boey ML, et al. Dego's disease: association with anticardiolipin antibodies and the lupus anticoagulant. Br Med J 1984;289:576.

35 Glueck HI, Kant KS, Weiss MA, et al. Thrombosis in systemic lupus erythematosus: relation to the presence of circulatory anticoagulants. Arch Intern Med 1985;145:1389-95.

36 Shalev Y, Green L, Pollack A, et al. Myocardial infarction with central retinal artery occlusion in a patient with antinuclear antibody-negative systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum 1985;28:1185-7.

37 Jonas J, Kolbe K, Volcker, HE, et al. Central retinal artery occlusion in Sneddon's disease: association with antiphospholipid antibodies. Am J Ophthalmol 1986;102:37-40.

38 Asherson RA, Khamashta MA, Gil A, et al. Cerebrovascular disease and antiphospholipid antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus, lupus-like disease, and the primary antiphospholipid syndrome. Am J Med 1989;86: 391-9.

39 The Antiphospholipid Antibodies in Stroke Study (APASS) Group. Anticardiolipin antibodies are an independent risk factor for first ischemic stroke. Neurology 1993;43:2069-73.

40 Donders RC, Kappelle LJ, Derksen RH, et al. Transient monocular blindness and antiphospholipid antibodies in systemic lupus erythematosus. Neurology 1998;51:535-40.

41 Dori D, Beiran I, Gelfand Y, et al. Multiple retinal arteriolar occlusions associated with coexisting primary antiphospholipid syndrome and factor V Leiden mutation. Am J Ophthalmol 2000;129:106-8.

42 Hollenhorst RW. The ocular manifestations of internal carotidarterial thrombosis. Med Clin North Am 1960;4:897-908.

43 Hollenhorst RW. Significance of bright plaques in the retinal arterioles. JAMA 1961;178:123-9.

44 Savino PJ, Glaser JS, Cassady J. Retinal stroke: is the patient at risk? Arch Ophthalmol 1977;95:1185-9.

45 Bruno A, Russell PW, Jones WL, et al. Concomitants of asymptomatic retinal cholesterol emboli. Stroke 1992;23:900-2.

46 Bruno A, Jones WL, Austin JK, et al. Vascular outcome in men with asymptomatic retinal cholesterol emboli: a cohort study. Ann Intern Med 1995;122:249-53.

47 D'Cruz IA, Cohen HC, Prabhu R, et ah Clinical manifestations of mitral-annulus calcification, with emphasis on its echocardiographic features. Am Heart J 1977;94:367-77.

48 Guthrie J, Fairgrieve J. Aortic embolism due to myxoid tumour associated with myocardial calcification. Br Heart J 1963;25:137-40.

49 diBono DP, Warlow CP. Mitral-annulus calcification and cerebral or retinal ischemia. Lancet 1979;ii:383-5.

50 Stefensson E, Coin JT, Lewis WR III, et al. Central retinal artery occlusion during cardiac catheterization. Am J Ophthalmol 1985;9:586-9.

51 Howard RS, Ross Russell RW. Prognosis of patients with retinal embolism. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1987;50:1142-7.

52 Fisher CM. Observations of the fundus oculi in transient monocular blindness. Neurology 1959;9:333-47.

53 Ross Russell RW. Observations on the retinal blood-vessels in monocular blindness. Lancet 1961;ii:1422-8.

54 Mouradian M, Wijman CA, Tomasian D, Davidoff R, Koleini B, Babikian VL. Echocardiographic findings of patients with retinal ischemia or embolism. J Neuroimaging 2002;12:219-23.

55 Weger M, Stanger O, Deutschmann H, et al. The role of hyperhomocysteinemia and methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T mutation in patients with retinal artery occlusion. Am J Ophthalmol 2002;134:57-61.

56 Boghen DR, Glaser JS. Ischemic optic neuropathy. The clinical profile and natural history. Brain 1975;98:689-708.

57 The Ischemic Optic Neuropathy Decompression Trial Research Group. Optic nerve decompression surgery for nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is not effective and may be harmful. JAMA 1995;273:625-32.

58 Onda E, Cioffi GA, Bacon DR, et al. Microvasculature of the human optic nerve. Am J Ophthalmol 1995;120:92-102.

59 Lessell S. Nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Arch Ophthalmol 1999;117:386-8.

60 Burde RM. Optic disc risk factors for nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Am J Ophthalmol 1993;116:760-4.

61 Beck RW, Savino PJ, Repka MX, et al. Optic disc structure in anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Ophthalmology 1984;91:1334-7.

62 Mansour AM, Schoch D, Logani S. Optic disc size in ischemic optic neuropathy. Am J Ophthalmol 1988;106:587-9.

63 Doro S, Lessell S. Cup-disc ratio and ischemic optic neuropathy. Arch Ophthalmol 1985;103:1143-4.

64 Pomeranz HD, Smith KH, Hart WM Jr, Egan RA. Sildenafil-associated nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Ophthalmology 2002;109:584-7.

65 Rizzo JF 3rd, Lessell S. Optic neuritis and ischemic optic neuropathy. Overlapping clinical profiles. Arch Ophthalmol 1991;109:1668-72.

66 Repka MX, Savino PJ, Schatz NJ, Sergott RC. Clinical profile and long-term implications of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Am J Ophthalmol 1983;96:478-83.

67 Hayreh SS, Podhajsky P. Visual field defects in anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Doc Ophthalmol Proc Ser 1979;19:53-71.

68 Ellenberger C Jr, Keltner JL, Burde RM. Acute optic neuropathy in older patients. Arch Neurol 1973;28:182-5.

69 Hayreh SS. Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Ophthalmologica 1981;182:29-41.

70 Cullen JF, Duvall J. Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy (PION). Neuro-ophthalmology 1983;3:15-19.

71 Isayama Y, Takahashi T, Inoue M, et ah Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy: III. Clinical diagnosis. Ophthalmologica 1983;187:141-7.

72 Rizzo JF 3rd, Lessell S. Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy during general surgery. Am J Ophthalmol 1987;103:808-11.

73 Sawle GV, Sarkies NJC. Posterior ischemic optic neuropathy due to internal carotid artery occlusion. Neuro-ophthalmol 1987;7:349-53.

74 Shimo-Oku M, Miyazaki S. Acute anterior and posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Jpn J Ophthalmol 1984;28:159-70.

75 Perlman JI, Forman S, Gonzalez ER. Retrobulbar ischemic optic neuropathy associated with sickle cell disease. J Neuro-ophthalmol 1994;14:45-8.

76 Mori S, Suzuki J, Takeda M. A case report of internal carotid occlusion with ischemic optic neuropathy as initial symptom. Jpn Rev Clin Ophthalmol 1983;77:1530-3.

77 Bogousslavsky J, Regli F, Zografos L, et al. Optico-cerebral syndrome: simultaneous hemodynamic infarction of optic nerve and brain. Neurology 1987;37:263-8.

78 Newman NJ. Cerebrovascular disease. In: Miller NR, Newman NJ, eds. Clinical neuro-ophthalmology, vol 3, 5th edn. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 1998, 3449.

79 Lieberman MF, Shahi A, Green WR. Embolic ischemic optic neuropathy. Am J Ophthalmol 1978;86:206-10.

80 Portnoy SL, Beer PM, Packer AJ, et al. Embolic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. J Clinic Neuro-ophthalmol 1989;9:21-5.

81 Guyer DR, Miller NR, Auer CI, et al. The risk of cerebrovascular and cardiovascular disease in patients with anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Arch Ophthalmol 1985;103:1136-42.

82 Moro F, Doro D, Mantovani E. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy and aging. Metab Pediatr Syst Ophthalmol 1989;12:46-57.

83 Chung SM, Guy CA, McCrary JA 3rd. Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy. The impact of tobacco use. Ophthalmology 1994;101: 779-82.

84 Williams EL, Hart W Jr, Tempelhoff R. Postoperative ischemic optic neuropathy. Anesth Analg 1995;80:1018-29.

85 Brown RH, Schauble JF, Miller NR. Anemia and hypotension as contributors to perioperative loss of vision. Anesthesiology 1994;80: 222-6.

86 Kamei A, Takahashi Y, Shiwa T, et al. Two cases of ischemic optic neuropathy after intestinal hemorrhage. Presented at the VIIIth International Neuro-Ophthalmology Symposium, Winchester, England, 1990, June 13-29.

87 Johnson MW, Kincaid MC, Trobe JD. Bilateral retrobulbar optic nerve infarctions after blood loss and hypotension: a clinicopathologic case. Ophthalmology 1987;94:1577-84.

88 Dunker S, Hsu HY, Sebag J, Sadun AA. Perioperative risk factors for posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. J Am Coll Surg 2002;194:705-10.

89 Hsu CT, Kerrison JB, Miller NR, Goldberg MF. Choroidal infarction, anterior ischemic optic neuropathy, and central retinal artery occlusion from polyarteritis nodosa. Retina 2001;21:348-51.

90 Malik KP, Kapoor K, Mehta A, et al. Bilateral anterior ischemic optic neuropathy in Takayasu arteritis. Indian J Ophthalmol 2002;50:52-4.

91 Bertram B, Remky A, Arend O, et al. Protein C, protein S and antithrombin III in acute ocular occlusive disease. German J Ophthalmol 1995;4:332-5.

92 Johnson IN, Gould TJ, Krohel GB. Effect of levodopa and carbidopa on recovery of visual function in patients with nonarteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy of longer than six months' duration. Am J Ophthalmol 1996;121:77-83.

93 Haas A, Uyguner I, Sochor GE, et al. Non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Long-term results after hemodilution therapy. Klin Monatsbl Augenheilkd 1994;205:143-6.

94 Wolf S, Schulte-Strake U, Bertram B, et al. Hemodilution therapy in patients with acute anterior ischemic optic neuropathy. Ophthalmology 1993;90:21-6.


Was this article helpful?

0 0
Your Heart and Nutrition

Your Heart and Nutrition

Prevention is better than a cure. Learn how to cherish your heart by taking the necessary means to keep it pumping healthily and steadily through your life.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment