Ellman And Gartsman Classification

1 Acromion/Spina Scapulae 1

1.1 The morphology of the acromion according to Bigliani 1

1.2 Classification of the acromial morphology on sagittal oblique MRI according to Epstein 2

1.3 Types of os acromiale according to Liberson 4

1.4 Types of scapular notch according to Rengachary et al. 5

2 Subacromial space 7

2.1 Stages of outlet impingement according to Neer 7

2.2 Stages of impingement in athletes according to Jobe 8

3 Classifications of calcifying tendinitis of rotator cuff 9

3.1 Stages of calcifying tendinitis according to Uhthoff 9

3.2 Radiologic staging of calcifying tendinitis of the shoulder joint according to Gartner and Heyer 11

3.3 Radiological classification of calcific deposit according to Bosworth 12

3.4 Classification of radiological morphology of calcifying tendinitis of the rotator cuff according to Mole et al. 12

4 Classifications of frozen shoulder 13

4.1 Classification of frozen shoulder according to Lundberg 13

4.2 Stages of frozen shoulder according to Reeves 13

4.3 Arthroscopic stages of adhesive capsulitis according to Neviaser 14

5 Classifications of rotator cuff 17

5.1 Classifications of rotator cuff tears according to Patte 17

5.2 Topography of rotator cuff tear in the sagittal plane according to Habermeyer 19

5.3 Arthroscopic classification of partial-thickness rotator cuff tears according to Ellman 20

5.4 Arthroscopic classification of rotator cuff lesions according to Snyder (the Southern California Orthopedic Institute (SCOI) rotator cuff classification system) 22

5.5 Classification of complete rotator cuff tears according to Cofield 23

5.6 Classification of complete rotator cuff tears according to Bateman 23

5.7 Classification of the extent of rotator cuff tears according to Patte 24

5.8 Patterns of full-thickness rotator cuff tears according to Ellman and Gartsman 26

5.9 Classification of subscapularis tendon tears according to Fox and Romeo 28

5.10 Classification of tendon retraction in the frontal plane according to Patte 29

5.11 Classification of supraspinatus muscle atrophy in MRI according to Thomazeau 29

5.12 Classification of supraspinatus muscle atrophy in MRI according to Zanetti 31

5.13 Classification of fatty muscle degeneration in cuff ruptures using CT-scan according to Goutallier et al. [49] 33

6 Classifications of pathology of long head of the biceps tendon 35

6.1 Variants of the origin of the long head of the biceps from the scapula and glenoid labrum according to Vangsness et al. 35

6.2 Classification of SLAP-Lesions (superior labrum, anterior to posterior lesion) according to Snyder 36

6.3 Classification of SLAP lesion according to Maffet et al. 38

6.4 Subtypes of SLAP II lesions according to Morgan 39

6.5 Topographic classification of LHB-lesions 40

6.6 Classification of biceps tendon disorders according to Yamaguchi and Bindra 41

6.7 Histological changes of the long head of the biceps tendon according to Murthi et al. 42

6.8 Classification of subluxation of the long head of the biceps tendon according to Walch 42

6.9 Classification of dislocation of the long head of the biceps tendon according to Walch 43

6.10 Classification of "hidden" rotator interval lesions according to Bennett 45

6.11 Classification of pulley lesions according to Habermeyer et al. 46

7 Classifications of instability 49

7.1 Classification of scapular dyskinesis according to Kibler and McMullen 49

7.2 Types of variable topographical relationship of the glenohumeral ligaments to the synovial recesses (types of arrangement of the synovial recesses) according to DePalma 50

7.3 Variations of glenohumeral ligaments according to Gohlke et al. 53

7.4 Anatomical variations of the glenohumeral ligaments according to Morgan et al. 56

7.5 Classification of instability according to Silliman and Hawkins 57

7.6 Grading of glenohumeral translation according to Hawkins et al. 58

7.7 Classification of recurrent instability according to Neer and Foster 59

7.8 Classification of shoulder instability according to Matsen et al. 60

7.9 Classification of shoulder instability according to Gerber et al. 61

7.10 Classification of shoulder instability according to Bayley et al. 71

7.11 Types of lesions of anterior inferior shoulder instability according to Habermeyer 73

7.12 Classification of posterior shoulder instability according to Ramsey and Klimkiewicz 76

7.13 Classification of glenoid rim lesions according to Bigliani et al. 79

7.14 Arthroscopic classification of Hill-Sachs lesions according to Calandra et al. 79

7.15 Classification of significant Hill-Sachs lesions according to Burkhart and De Beer 80

7.16 Stages of evolution of lesions of the labrum-ligament complex in posttraumatic anterior shoulder instability according to Gleyze and Habermeyer 82

7.17 Classification shoulder injury/dysfunction (impingement and instability) in the overhand or throwing athlete according to Kvitne et al. and Jobe et al. 84

7.18 Arthroscopic classification of labro-ligamentous lesions associated with traumatic anterior chronic instability according to Boileau et al. 87

8 Acromioclavicular joint 91

8.1 State of AC-joint space and SC-joint space according to De Palma 91

8.2 Classification of AC-joint dislocation according to Tossy et al. 93

8.3 Classification of AC-joint injuries according to Allman 94

8.4 Classification of AC-joint injury according to Rockwood et al. 96

9 Sternoclavicular joint 103

9.1 Classification of SC-joint injury according to Allman 103

10 Classifications of fractures of the clavicle 105

10.1 Classification of fractures of the clavicle according to Allman 105

10.2 Classification of fractures of the clavicle according to Neer 106

10.3 Classification of fractures of the clavicle according to Jager and Breitner 109

10.4 Classification of clavicular fractures according to Craig 111

10.5 Classification of fractures of the clavicle in adult according to Robinson 114

10.6 Classification of nonunion of clavicular fractures according to Neer 117

10.7 Classification of epiphyseal fractures of the proximal end of the clavicle according to Rockwood and Wirth 117

11 Classifications of proximal humeral fractures 119

11.1 Classification of proximal humeral fractures according to Neer 119

11.2 AO-Classification of proximal humeral fractures 131

11.3 Classification of proximal humeral fractures according to Habermeyer 138

11.4 Surgical classification of sequelae of proximal humerus fracture according to Boileau et al. 140

11.5 Classification of periprosthetic humeral fractures according to Wright and Cofield 142

12 Classifications of scapular fractures 143

12.1 Classification of scapula fractures according to Euler and Ruedi 143

12.2 Classification of scapular fractures according to DeCloux and Lemerle 146

12.3 Classification of scapular fractures according to Zdravkovic and Damholt 146

12.4 Classification of intraarticular scapular fractures according to Ideberg et al. 147

12.5 Classification of fractures of the glenoid cavity according to Goss 148

12.6 Classification of glenoid neck fractures according to Goss 150

12.7 Types of traumatic ring/strut disruption of the superior shoulder suspensory complex according to Goss 151

13 Classifications of osteoarthritis of the shoulder 155

13.1 Grading of chondromalacia according to Outerbridge 155

13.2 Classification of glenoid morphology in primary gleno-humeral osteoarthritis according to Walch et al. 755

13.3 Assessment of humeral head subluxation according to Walch et al. 757

13.4 Classification of vertical glenoid morphology according to Habermeyer 757

13.5 Classification of osteoarthritis with massive rotator cuff tears according to Favard et al. 759

13.6 Classification of cuff tear arthropathy according to Seebauer et al. 760

13.7 Classification of cuff tear arthropathy according to Hamada et al. 767

13.8 Classification of glenoid erosion in glenohumeral osteoarthritis with massive rupture of the cuff according to Sirveaux et al. 762

13.9 Radiographic classification of dislocation arthropathy of the shoulder according to Samilson and Prieto 763

14 Classifications of necrosis of the humeral head 765

14.1 Classification of osteonecrosis of bone according to Cruess 765

14.2 Classification of avascular necrosis of the humeral head according to Neer 767

14.3 Classification of the extent of osteonecrosis of the humeral head according to Hattrup and Cofield 769

15 Classifications for rheumatoid arthritis 777

15.1 Variations in involvement in rheumatoid arthritis 777

15.2 Staging of glenoid wear in rheumatoid arthritis according to Levigne and Franceschi 773

15.3 Staging of humeral head wear in rheumatoid arthritis according to Levigne and Franceschi 773

15.4 Radiological classification of rheumatoid arthritis according to Levigne and Franceschi 774

15.5 Radiologic classification of rheumatoid arthritis according to Larsen, Dale, Eek 776

16 Classification of septic arthritis 779

16.1 Stages of joint infection according to Gächter and Stutz et al. 779

16.2 Proposed classification system of septic arthritis according to Tan et al. 779

17 Classification of neoplasms 733

17.1 The system for the surgical staging of musculoskeletal sarcoma according to Enneking et al. 733

18 Classifications in shoulder arthroplasty 797

18.1 Radiographic assessment of radiolucent lines of the humeral component according to Sperling et al. 797

18.2 Radiographic assessment of radiolucent lines of the glenoid component according to Sperling et al. 792

18.3 Radiographic assessment of radiolucent lines of the cemented glenoid component according to Molé et al. 793

18.4 Radiographic assessment of radiolucent lines of the glenoid component according to Franklin et al. 794

18.5 Radiographic assessment of radiolucent lines of the cemented glenoid component according to Wilde et al. 794

18.6 Classification of bone defects of the scapular notch for inverse shoulder arthroplasty according to Sirveaux 795

18.7 Classification of glenoid bone deficiencies after glenoid component removal according to Antuna et al. 795

18.8 Classification of heterotopic bone formation following total shoulder arthroplasty according to Kjaersgaard-Andersen et al. 796

19 Scores 799

19.1 Constant-Murley Score 799

19.1.1 Normative age- and sex-specific Constant Score according to Gerber et al. 202

19.1.2 Normative age- and gender-related Constant Score according to Katolik et al. 204

19.1.3 Valuation of the Constant Score according to Boehm 204

19.2 Questionnaire based on the Constant-Murley Score for patient self-evaluation of shoulder function according to Boehm 205

19.3 UCLA shoulder rating 273

19.4 DASH (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand) Questionnaires 2 74

19.4.1 The DASH Questionnaire 220

19.4.2 The Quick DASH Questionnaire 220

19.4.3 Scoring the DASH 220

19.5 The ASES (American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons) Score 222

19.6 Simple shoulder test 228

19.7 Short form 36 (SF-36) 233

19.8 VAS 248

19.9 Shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI) 249

19.10 Self-administered questionnaire for assessment of symptoms and function of the shoulder according to L'Insalata et al. 252

19.11 "Oxford" questionnaire on the perceptions of patients about shoulder surgery 259

19.12 Oxford shoulder instability questionnaire 262

19.13 Rowe Score 265

19.14 The modified Rowe Score according to Jobe et al. 266

19.15 The Western Ontario shoulder instability index (WOSI) 267

19.16 The Walch-Duplay Score for instability of the shoulder 270

19.17 The Western Ontario rotator cuff index (WORC) 270

19.18 The rotator cuff quality-of-life measure (RC-QOL) 274

19.19 The Western Ontario osteoarthritis of the shoulder index (WOOS) 278

References 283

Sachverzeichnis 293

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