H

Haemarthrosis. knee 204, 221, 226 Hagland deformity 264 Hallux flexus 279, 287 Hallux rigidus 278-279, 287 crepitus 296 movement limitation 298 radiography 301, 306 shoe wear 300 Hallux valgus 277-278, 294, 303. 304 inspection 286 radiography 301,306 shoe wear 300 tenderness 296 Hammer toe 280, 288 Hand 109-128 arthritis 119 Bouchard's nodes 113 Boutonnière deformity 112.116 cervical myelopathy and 42 chondroma 113 circulation test 123 Dupuytren's contracture 110.118 enchondroma 118

fm INDEX

Hand (contd.) functional assessment 125-126 flexion examination 116-117 ganglions 113, 118 hypertrophy 115 implantation dermoid cysts 113 infections 114.124-125,126 inspection 115-118 ischaemic contractures 117 joint instability 127 joint thickening/swelling 123 movements 119-123 mucous cysts 113 osteoarthritis 113.118,127 osteoid osteoma 113 palpation 119 paraesthesia 92 pathology 126-127 radiography 126-127 rheumatoid arthritis 112-113 swan-neck deformity 116 swelling 115 swellings 118

tendon injury 111-112.123-124 extensor division/rupture 112.116 profundus division 112,123 sheath lesions 111-112 thoracic outlet syndrome 40 tumours 113-114.118,126

metastatic 114 vibration syndromes 110-111, 123 Volkmann's ischaemic contracture 117 Z deformity 116 see also Finger(s); Thumb Harris system 174 Heberden's nodes 113. 118, 127 Heel eversión 297 examination 291 inspection 286 inversion 272, 290, 297 pain 282

posture 273-274,291-292 tenderness 293 Hemivertebra 164

Herring lateral pillar classification. Perthes'

disease 192 Hip 165-200 abduction 183 adduction 184

age distribution of common pathology 176

ankylosing spondylitis 171. 176. 191 anteversion of femoral neck 185 arthritis 169-170, 176, 197 aspiration 187 assessment 174-176 activity level 175 inspection 177 scoring system 174-176 shoes/socks 175 sitting to standing 175 stairs 175 avascular necrosis 190 bony ankylosis 191 congenital dislocation see Developmental dislocation of hip (DDH) considerations 171-172 crepitus 181

developmental dislocation see

Developmental dislocation of hip (DDH) dysplasia 167-168 examination 178-181

in knee pain 236 extension 182 flexion 182-183 flexion contracture 172 fusion testing 186 infections 169-170 irritable 168-169

joint space, decreased/increased 191 movements 182-186

in suspected prolapsed disc 150 myotomes 27 neck-shaft angle 191 osteoarthritis 170-171, 176, 181. 191. 199 primary 170 secondary 170-171 osteoid osteoma 198 pain 171. 174 palpation 181 pathology 195-200 pyogenic arthritis 169-170 radiography 188. 189-190. 194-199 Reiter's syndrome 171.176 replacement see Hip replacement rheumatoid arthritis 171-172, 176 rotation 184-185 shortening 177-181 slipped femoral epiphysis 170, 193, 198 snapping 171 tuberculosis 169, 176 tumours 171. 176 walking capacity 175-176 work level 174-175 Hip replacement 195-196 complications 172-174

component failure 172-173.195 dislocation 172 femur fracture 173 loosening and infection 173-174, 195 Histamine test 18 Hoffmann's test 41 Horner's syndrome 14. 17 Housemaid's knee 213,217 Hurler's syndrome 115 Hyperhidrosis, sole of foot 288 Hypermobility, testing 97

wrist 97 Hyperparathyroidism 197 Hypothenar wasting, unilateral 118

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Arthritis Relief Now

When you hear the word arthritis, images of painful hands and joints comes into play. Few people fully understand arthritis and this guide is dedicated to anyone suffering with this chronic condition and wants relief now.

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