Adultonset Stills disease See juvenile arthritis

Alexander technique This technique was developed by an actor, F. M. Alexander, to improve his voice. He believed that the way we breathe affects the function of our bodies and that the relationship between the head, neck, and upper body are the primary controls of posture. Abnormal posture causes abnormal muscular tension in one muscle group and can adversely affect the whole body. Treatment with the Alexander technique usually involves individual or group lessons during which a teacher observes the posture and tension in a student. The teacher then explains, using touch and instructions, more efficient posture, movement, and breathing. The Alexander technique has not been adequately evaluated in well-designed studies. Apart from anecdotal experience, little scientific evidence is available with which to evaluate the Alexander technique as a therapy for arthritis-related problems.

alkaptonuria (ochronosis) This rare, inherited deficiency of the enzyme homogentisic acid oxidase results in homogentisic acid reaching high levels in the body. This acid is excreted in the urine, which will then turn black if left to stand for a while because the acid oxidizes. The diagnosis of alkaptonuria is suspected if a person gives a history of passing dark urine or of urine that becomes dark after standing for a while. Pigmented or dark-colored deposits of homogentisic acid collect in tissues such as cartilage that are rich in collagen, an important component of joints and soft tissues. These pigmented deposits are



Thank you for deciding to learn more about the disorder, Osteoarthritis. Inside these pages, you will learn what it is, who is most at risk for developing it, what causes it, and some treatment plans to help those that do have it feel better. While there is no definitive “cure” for Osteoarthritis, there are ways in which individuals can improve their quality of life and change the discomfort level to one that can be tolerated on a daily basis.

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