The Checklist in History Taking

Traditionally, students have learned to take a history by memorizing a standard checklist and have been warned that a checklist should not be used in front of the patient. When the opinions of patients were solicited concerning the reading of questions in front of them, it was found that patients either did not recall that the physician had been reading the questions, or if the patient had been to other doctors, they would often claim that it was the first time they had a thorough history...

From Physical Appearance

Lichstein Sign Cardiac Ear Crease

ANS Cyanosis is the bluish or purplish color imparted to the skin and mucous membranes, usually the result of at least 5 mg per dL of reduced hemoglobin in the surface capillaries, but occasionally due to an abnormal hemoglobin such as sulfmethemoglobin. 2. How can you distinguish central from peripheral cyanosis clinically ANS Central cyanosis is seen in warm as well as cold areas compare with the tongue of a normal patient . In African American patients, evidence of central cyanosis may be...