Approach To Hypercalcemia

The diagnostic approach to hypercalcemia begins with a careful history, including the manifestations of elevated calcium levels. When the aforementioned etiologies are taken into consideration, it becomes clear that the history should include family history of calcium disorders, such as renal stones or malignancy. The patient's risk factors for malignancy, such as smoking, should be investigated. A careful review of medications should also take place, to include not only prescription...