Clinical Uses Adverse Effects and Contraindications

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The arylpropionic acid derivatives are useful for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, for reduction of mild to moderate pain and fever, and for pain associated with dysmenorrhea. Side effects of the drugs are similar to but less severe than those described for the salicylates. Those who are sensitive to salicylates also may be sensitive to and have adverse reactions when taking ibuprofen and related drugs. Acute hyper-sensitivity to ibuprofen has been reported in patients with lupus. The hypersensitivity reaction to sulindac can be fatal. The use of sulindac has also been linked to cases of acute pancreatitis. The use of dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) topically in combination with sulindac has been reported to induce severe neuropathies. The concurrent use of ibuprofen with aspirin reduces the anti-inflammatory effects of both drugs. Ibuprofen is con-traindicated in patients with aspirin sensitivity leading to bronchiolar constriction and in patients with an-gioedema. As with all NSAIDs, renal and liver function should be normal for adequate clearance of the drugs.

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