Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Introduction

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA) is a chronic inflammatory disease that involves the synovium of the joints resulting in effusion and eventual erosion and destruction of the joint cartilage. It is classified into different types and characterized by remissions and exacerbations with the onset most common between 2 to 5 and 9 to 12 years of age. Pauciarticular arthritis involves only a few joints, usually under five; polyarticular arthritis involves many joints, usually more than four. Systemic arthritis involves the presence of arthritis and associated high temperature, rash, and effects on other organs such as the heart, lungs, eyes, and those located in the abdominal cavity. Prognosis is based on the severity of the disease, type of arthritis, and response to treatment with the most severe complications of permanent deformity, hip disease, and iridocyclitis with visual loss.



Thank you for deciding to learn more about the disorder, Osteoarthritis. Inside these pages, you will learn what it is, who is most at risk for developing it, what causes it, and some treatment plans to help those that do have it feel better. While there is no definitive “cure” for Osteoarthritis, there are ways in which individuals can improve their quality of life and change the discomfort level to one that can be tolerated on a daily basis.

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