Psychotherapy

There are multiple psychotherapy approaches to assist the patient with chronic, non-malignant pain however, the approach that has received the most empirical attention in terms of its applicability to pain treatment has been cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). This section will primarily focus on a description of the CBT paradigm, its goals, and the research on its uses in pain management. Fundamentally, the basic assumption of CBT is that although one cannot always control or avoid distressing...

Laboratory Testing

Because there are numerous laboratory tests available, the physician must use the patient's history and physical to accurately determine which laboratory tests to perform. Commonly used tests include a complete blood count (CBC), acute-phase proteins erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), c-reactive protein (CRP) , blood chemistry, rheumatologic, and infectious disease studies. The CBC helps provide an estimate of a person's general health. Based on the hematocrit level, an indication of that...

Boswellia

Boswellia, also known as Indian Frankincense, has been used to manage pain associated with osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), rheumatism, bursitis, and tendonitis. Non-pain-related uses include ulcerative colitis, dyspepsia, asthma, allergic rhinitis, sore throat, syphilis, pimples, and cancer. There is preliminary evidence that taking Indian Frankincense extract orally might reduce osteoarthritis symptoms such as knee pain and swelling (Kimmatkar et al. 2003), while its use in...

References

Alaranta H, Rytokoski U, Rissanen A, et al. Intensive physical and psychosocial training program for patients with chronic low back pain. A controlled clinical trial. Spine 1994 19(12) 1339-49. Albert H. Psychosomatic group treatment helps women with chronic pelvic pain. J Psychosom Obstet Gynaecol. 1999 20 216-25. American Psychiatric Association. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th ed. Text Revision. Washington, DC American Psychiatric Association 2000. Andrasik F. What...

In Sickle cell anemia the following is true of a sickle cell crisis EXCEPT

Present with acute chest pain, abdominal pain, or bone pain B. Dehydration can worsen the effects of sickling D. Treating pain has no effect in shortening the duration ofthe acute phase. 4. The following statement is true regarding electro therapy for ischemic pain A. Spinal cord stimulation is an option for relieving pain and salvaging the limb B. TENS has a role in rehabilitation 1. The answer is A. Raynaud's commonly affects fingers and toes. It is precipitated by cold and emotional...