Excitotoxins and the Elderly

While we are never completely safe from excitotoxic damage at any age, the two periods when we are most vulnerable are infancy early childhood, and during our elderly years. There is overwhelming evidence that aging is the result of destruction caused by free radicals, which damage cell membranes, DNA, and proteins. Of particular importance is damage to proteins, which make up enzymes, structural proteins, information molecules, and cell membranes. Damage to enzymes interferes with metabolism,...

Iron a Double Edged Sword

Iron is essential not only for proper hemoglobin function but also for the production of cellular energy, immune function, and brain function. It is especially important for learning and memory in growing children. Iron supplementation may also be necessary in endurance athletes, pregnant women, those taking arthritis medication regularly, and for those taking an aspirin a day. Later in life, it becomes less essential. Low iron levels are known to increase the likelihood of infection and can...

Effects of Mercury on the Immune System

The internal damage caused by mercury exposure is not limited to the nervous system. The immune system can also suffer severe injury.64 Like the nervous system, the immune system is highly complex and involves many elements, including cellular components, cytokines, special hormones, and antibodies. It is also important to remember that the immune and nervous systems are intimately connected, both directly and indirectly, a connection that is especially important during development. Low levels...

Stroke and Heart Attack Are They Really Inevitable

Stroke is a general term used to describe any brain injury caused when blood supply to the brain is interrupted, resulting in tissue loss and temporary or permanent impairment of function. It is the third leading cause of death in developed countries, and may result from a variety of factors, including atherosclerosis, heart disease, connective-tissue diseases (lupus, arthritis, etc.), and drug use. Ninety percent of all strokes are ischemic (dry). An ischemic stroke results when blood flow to...

What You Can Do to Plug the Leaks

Stop taking drugs that are known to produce leaking, primarily antibiotics and NSAIDs. if you have a condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis, that will not allow you to stop NSAIDs, you should take phosphatidylcholine with your medication. There is some evidence that when the two are combined, NASIDs bind to the phsophotidylcholine, preventing them from causing problems. While this has not been proven as yet, there is strong suggestive evidence and little to lose. You should always take a...

Skeletal Fluorosis Making Us All Cripples

One of the most devastating effects of long-term, low-level fluoride exposure is skeletal damage, a condition referred to as skeletal fluorosis. In general, this condition is classified in stages, phase one presenting as arthritis-type pains and stage three as debilitating crippling. In countries with naturally high fluoride levels, skeletal fluorosis is quite common and considered a major medical disaster. Some villages have been described wherein every single resident has been afflicted with...

Lyme Disease and Rickettsia

Rickettsia are bacterial intracellular parasites, considered a separate group of bacteria because they have the common feature of being spread by ticks, fleas, mites, and lice. Perhaps the most familiar rickettsial disease is Lyme disease, a bacterial infection spread by ticks. The causative bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi, is a corkscrew shaped microorganism called a spriochete that resembles the syphilis organism. More than 100,000 cases of Lyme disease have been reported to the CDC since...