Approximately 45% of patients who have JIA have arthritis limited to one or only a few joints. Larger joints are typically involved in a nonsymmetric distribution . Pauciarticular disease is associated with ocular involvement, including anterior uveitis and chronic iridocyclitis [115,118]. Because ocular involvement does not usually present until late in the disease process, frequent eye examinations are a critical component of care. Jay and colleagues  recommend that children who have oligoarthritis undergo ophthalmologic examination every 3 months for the first 2 years of disease followed by biannual examinations thereafter.
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