Incretins and Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV

Not only the kind of carbohydrates contained in a meal but also the nutrients themselves will have an influence on further digestion. Directly after the food has reached the stomach, enzymes will start to degrade carbohydrates, and after having left the stomach, intestinal hormones are secreted in response to the nutrients. A functional connection between the small intestine and endocrine pancreas was proven in the 1960s, after it had become possible to determine the exact amount of insulin in...

Fermented Wheat Germ Extract

A good example of the application of modern science as applied to nutritional therapies is a proprietary fermented wheat germ extract Avemar . Avemar has been studied clinically to have a wide array of immunomodulating and inflammatory mediating activity specifically in patients with cancer, with its hallmark trait being the ability to block the Warburg effect in cancer cell chemistry 22, 23 . Wheat germ is also a valuable nutritional source. In addition to proteins of high nutritional...

References

1 Eyre H, Kahn R, Robertson RM, and the ACS ADA AHA Collaborative Writing Committee Preventing cancer, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes a common agenda for the American Cancer Society, the American Diabetes Association, and the American Heart Association. Stroke 2004 35 1999-2010. 2 Coughlin SS, Calle EE, Teras LR, Petrelli J, Thun MJ Diabetes mellitus as a predictor of cancer mortality in a large cohort of US adults. Am J Epidemiol 2004 159 1160-1167. 3 Stattin P, Bjor O, Ferrari P, et al...

The Cascade of Inflammatory Signaling

Inflammation is the physiological response to biological, mechanical, or chemical stressors. In people with diabetes, increased risk of cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, peripheral vascular disease, autoimmune disorders, obesity, and cancer as well as neurological disorders like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease are triggered at least in part from the inflammatory signaling that is chronically upregulated. The inflammatory state is closely related to obesity and insulin resistance, yet...