Cure Arthritis Naturally

Beat Arthritis Naturally

Get Instant Access

Allen, J.B., Wong, H.L., Costa, G.L., Bienkowski, M.J., and Wahl, S.M. 1993. Suppression of monocyte function and differential regulation of IL-1 and IL-1ra by IL-4 contribute to resolution of experimental arthritis. J. Immunol. 151:43444351.

Anderle, S.K., Allen, J.B., Wilder, R.L., Eisenberg, R.A., Cromartie, W.J., and Schwab, J.H. 1985. Measurement of streptococcal cell wall in tissues of rats resistant or susceptible to cell wall-induced chronic erosive arthritis. Infect. Immun. 49:836-837.

Bristol L.A., Durum, S.K., and Eisenberg, S.P. 1993. Differential regulation of group A streptococcal peptidoglycan-polysaccharide (PG-APS)-stimulated macrophage production of IL-1 by rat strains susceptible and resistant to PG-APS-in-duced arthritis. Cell. Immunol. 149:130-143.

Calogero, A.E., Sternberg, E.M., Bagby, G., Smith, C., Young, W.S. III, Bernardini, R., Aksenti-jevich, S., Wilder, R.L., Gold, P.W., and Chrousos, G.P. 1992. Neurotransmitter-induced hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis responsiveness is defective in inflammatory disease-susceptible Lewis rats: In vivo and in vitro studies suggesting globally defective hypothalamic secretion of corticotropin-releasing hormone. Neuroendocrinology 55:600-608.

Case, J.P., Sano, H., Lafyatis, R., Remmers, E.F., Kumkumian, G.K., and Wilder, R.L. 1989. Tran-sin/stromelysin expression in the synovium of rats with experimental erosive arthritis: In situ localization and kinetics of expression of the transformation-associated metalloproteinase transin/stromelysin in euthymic and athymic LEW/N rats. J. Clin. Invest. 84:1731-1740.

Chen, C.-T., Cohen, S.A., Zaleski, M.B., and Albini, B. 1992. Genetic control of streptococcus-induced hepatic granulomatous lesions in mice. Immunogenetics 36:28-32.

Clark, R.L., Cuttino, J.T., Anderle, S.K., Cromartie, W.J., and Schwab, J.H. 1979. Radiologic analysis of arthritis in rats after systemic injection of streptococcal cell walls. Arthritis Rheum. 22:2535.

Crofford, L.J. and Wilder, R.L. 1992. Streptococcal cell wall antigens and rheumatoid arthritis. In Rheumatoid Arthritis: Recent Research Advances (J. Smolen, J.R. Kalden, and R.N. Maini, eds.) pp. 202-215. Springer-Verlag, Berlin and Heidelberg.

Crofford, L.J., Sano, H., Karalis, K., Webster, E.L., Goldmuntz, E.A., Chrousos, G.P., and Wilder, R.L. 1992. Local secretion of corticotropin-re-leasing hormone in the joints of Lewis rats with inflammatory arthritis. J. Clin. Invest. 90:25552564.

Cromartie, W.J. and Craddock, J.G. 1966. Rheumatic-like cardiac lesions in mice. Science 154:285-288.

Cromartie, W.J., Craddock, J.C., Schwab, J.H., An-derle, S.K., and Yang, C.H. 1977. Arthritis in rats after systemic injection of streptococcal cells or cell walls. J. Exp. Med. 146:1585-1602.

Dalldorf, F.G., Anderle, S.K., Brown, R.R., and Schwab, J.H. 1988. Mast cell activation by Group A streptococcal polysaccharide in the rat and its role in experimental arthritis. Am. J. Pathol. 132:258-264.

DeJoy, S.Q., Ferguson, K.M., Sapp, T.M., Zabriskie, J.B., Oronsky, A.L., and Kerwar, S.S. 1989. Streptococcal cell wall arthritis: Passive transfer of disease with a T cell line and crossreactivity of streptococcal cell wall antigens with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J. Exp. Med. 170:369382.

Dische, Z. and Shettles, L.B. 1948. A specific color reaction of methypentoses and a spectro-photometric micromethod for their determination. J. Biol. Chem. 175:595-603.

Dziarski, R. 1986. Effects of peptidoglycan on the cellular components of the immune system. In Biological Properties of Peptidoglycan. (P.H. Seidl and K.H. Schleifer eds.) pp. 229-247. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin.

Fox, A., Brown, R.R., Anderle, S.K., Chetty, C., Cromartie, W.J., Gooder, H., and Schwab, J.H. 1982. Arthropathic properties related to the molecular weight of peptidoglycan-polysaccharide polymers of streptococcal cell walls. Infect. Immun. 35:1003-1010.

Greenblatt, J.J., Boackle, R.J., and Schwab, J.H. 1978. Activation of the alternative complement pathway by peptidoglycan from streptococcal cell wall. Infect. Immun. 19:296-303.

Hadzya, O. 1974. A simple method for the quantitative determination of muramic acid. Anal. Bio-chem. 60:512-517.

Koga, T., Kakimoto, K., Hirofuji, T., Kotani, S., Ohkuni, H., Watantabe, N., Okada, H., Okada, A., Sumiyoshi, A., and Saisho, K. 1985. Acute joint inflammation in mice after systemic injection of cell wall, its peptidoglycan, and chemically defined peptidoglycan subunits from various bacteria. Infect. Immun. 50:27-34.

Lafyatis, R., Thompson, N.L., Remmers E., Flanders, K., Roche, N.S., Kim, S.-J., Case, J.P., Sporn, M.B., Roberts, A.B., and Wilder, R.L. 1989. Transforming growth factor-beta production by synovial tissues from rheumatoid patients and streptococcal cell wall arthritic rats: Studies on secretion by synovial fibroblast-like cells and immunohistologic localization. J. Immunol. 143:1142-1148.

Lehman, T.J.A., Allen, J.B., Plotz, P., and Wilder, R.L. 1983. Polyarthritis in rats following systemic administration of cell walls from Lactobacillus casei in aqueous solution. Arthritis Rheum. 26:1259-1265.

McCartney-Francis, N., Allen, J.B., Mizel, D.E., Albina, J.E., Xie, Q.-W., Nathan, C.F., and Wahl, S.M. 1993. Suppression of arthritis by an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase. J. Exp. Med. 178:749-754.

Sano, H., Forough, R. Maier, J.A.M., Case, J.P., Jackson, A., Engleka, K., Maciag, T., and Wilder, R.L. 1990. Detection of high levels of heparin binding growth factor-1 (acidic FGF) in inflam matory arthritic joints. J. Cell Biol. 110:14171426.

Sano, H., Maciag, T., Maier, J.A.M., Crofford, L.J., Case, J.P., Maciag, T., and Wilder, R.L. 1992. In vivo cyclooxygenase expression in synovial tissues of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis and rats with adjuvant and strepto-coccal cell wall arthritis. J. Clin. Invest. 89:97108.

Sano, H., Engleka, K., Mathern, P., Hla, T., Crofford, L.J., Remmers, E.F., Jelsema, C., Goldmuntz, E., Maciag, T., and Wilder, R.L. 1993. Coexpression of tyrosine phosphoproteins, PDGF-B and HBGF-1 in situ in the synovial tissues of patients with rheumatoid arthritis and rats with adjuvant and streptococcal cell wall arthritis. J. Clin. Invest. 91:553-565.

Schleifer, K.H. and Kandler, O. 1972. Peptidogly-can types of bacterial cell walls and their taxo-nomic implications. Bact. Rev. 36:407-477.

Schwab, J.H. and Smialowicz, R. 1975. Interaction of bacterial cell wall polymers and rat macrophages. Z. Immunitatsforsch. Exp. Klin. Immunol. 149:283-288.

Schwab, J.H., Allen, J.B., Anderle, S.K., Dalldorf, F. Eisenberg, R., and Cromartie, W.J. 1982. Relationship of complement to experimental arthritis induced in rats with streptococcal cell walls. Immunology 46:83-88.

Severijnen, A.J., Hazenberg, M.P., and Van de Merwe, J.P. 1988. Induction of chronic arthritis in rats by cell wall fragments of anaerobic coc-coid rods isolated from the faecal flora of patients with Crohn's disease. Digestion 39:118125.

Severijnen, A.J., Van Kleef, R., Hazenberg, M.P., and Van De Merwe, J.P. 1990. Chronic arthritis induced in rats by cell wall fragments of Eubac-terium species from the human intestinal flora. Infect. Immun. 58:523-528.

Stein, H., Yarum, R., Levine, S., Dishon, T., and Ginsburg, I. 1973. Chronic self-perpetuating arthritis induced in rabbits by a cell-free extract of Group A streptoccoci. Proc. Soc. Exp. Biol. Med. 143:1106-1112.

Sternberg, E.M., Hill, J.M., Chrousos, G.P., Kami-laris, T., Listwak, S.J., Gold, P.W., and Wilder, R.L. 1989a. Inflammatory mediator-induced hy-pothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activation is defective in streptococcal cell arthritis-susceptible Lewis rats. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 86:2374-2378.

Sternberg, E.M., Young, W.S. III, Bernardini, R., Calogero, A.E., Chrousos, G.P., Gold, P.W., and Wilder, R.L. 1989b. A central nervous system defect in corticotropin-releasing hormone biosynthesis is associated with susceptibility to streptococcal cell wall arthritis in Lewis rats. Proc. Natl. Acad. U.S.A. 86:4771-4775.

Stimpson, S.A., Brown, R.R., Anderle, S.K., Klapper, K.G., Clark, W.J., Cromartie, W.J., and Schwab, J.H. 1986. Arthropathic properties of cell wall polymers from normal flora bacteria. Infect. Immun. 51:240-249.

Taylor, J.E., Ross, D.A., and Goodacre, J.A. 1994. Group A streptococcal antigens and superantigens in the pathogenesis of autoimmune arthritis. Eur. J. Clin. Invest. 24:511-521.

Van De Langerijt, A.G.M., Kingston, A.E., Van Lent, P.L.E.M., Billingham, M.E.J., and Van Den Berg, W.B. 1994. Cross-reactivity to proteoglycans in bacterial arthritis: Lack of evidence for in vivo role in induction of disease. Clin. Immunol. Immunopathol. 71:273-280.

Van Den Broek, M.F., Van Bruggen, M.C., Koop-man, J.P., and Van Den Berg, W.B. 1992a. Gut flora induces and maintains resistance against streptococcal cell wall induced arthritis in F344 rats. Clin. Exp. Immunol. 88:313-317.

Van den Broek, M.F., Van De Langerijt, L.G.M., Van Bruggen M.C.J., Billingham, M.E.J., and Van Den Berg, W.B. 1992b. Treatment of rats with monoclonal anti-CD4 induces long-term resistance to streptococcal cell wall-induced arthritis. Eur. J. Immunol. 22:57-61.

Wahl, S.M., Hunt, D.A., Allen, J.B., Wilder, R.L., Paglia, L., and Hunt, A.R. 1986. Bacterial cell wall-induced hepatic granulomas: An in vivo model of T cell dependent fibrosis. J. Exp. Med. 163:884-902.

Wahl, S.M., Allen, J.B., Hines, K.L., Imamichi, T., Wahl, L.M., Furcht, L.T., and McCarthy, J.B. 1994. Synthetic fibronectin peptides suppress arthritis in rats by interrupting leukocyte adhesion and recruitment. J. Clin. Invest. 94:655-662.

Wilder, R.L. Calandra, G.B., Garvin, J., Hansen, C., and Wright, K. 1982. Strain and sex variation in the susceptibility to streptococcal cell wall induced polyarthritis in the rat. Arthritis Rheum. 25:1064-1072.

Wilder, R.L., Allen, J.B., and Hansen, C. 1987. Thymus-dependent and -independent regulation of Ia antigen expression in situ by cells in the synovium of rats with streptococcal cell wall-induced arthritis: Differences in site and intensity of expression in euthymic, athymic and cy-closporin-a-treated LEW and F344 rats. J. Clin. Invest. 79:1160-1171.

Yocum, D.E., Allen, J.B., Wahl, S.M., and Wilder, R.L. 1986. Inhibition by cyclosporin of a strep-tococcal cell wall induced arthritis and hepatic granuloma formation in rats. Arthritis Rheum. 29:262-273.

Yocum, D.E., Lafyatis, R., Remmers, E., Schumacher, H.R., and Wilder, R.L. 1988. Hyperplastic synoviocytes from rats with streptococcal cell wall arthritis exhibit a transformed phenotype that is thymus-dependent and retinoid inhibi-table. Amer. J. Pathol. 132:38-48.

Yoshino, S., Cleland, L.G., Mayrhofer, G., Brown, R.R., and Schwab, J.H. 1991. Prevention of chronic erosive streptococcal cell wall-induced arthritis in rats by treatment with a monoclonal antibody against the T cell antigen receptor ap. J. Immunol. 146:4187-4189.

Animal Models for Autoimmune and

Inflammatory Disease

Was this article helpful?

0 0
Natural Arthritis Pain Remedies

Natural Arthritis Pain Remedies

It's time for a change. Finally A Way to Get Pain Relief for Your Arthritis Without Possibly Risking Your Health in the Process. You may not be aware of this, but taking prescription drugs to get relief for your Arthritis Pain is not the only solution. There are alternative pain relief treatments available.

Get My Free Ebook

Post a comment