Further reading

Brinkman K, Termaat R-M, Berden JHM and Smeenk RJT (1990) Anti-DNA antibodies and lupus nephritis: the complexity of crossreactivity. Immunology Today 11: 232-234.

Kramers C, Hylkema MN, Termaat R-M, Brinkman K,

Smeenk RJT and Berden JHM (1993) Histories in lupus nephritis. Experimental Nephrology 1: 224-228.

Lahita RG (ed) (1993) Systemic Lupus Erythematosus. New York: John Wiley.

Panayi GS (ed) (1994) Immunology of the Connective Tissue Diseases. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.

Peter JB and Schoenfeld Y (eds) (1996) Autoantibodies. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Smeenk R and Hylkema M (1992) Detection of antibodies to DNA: a technical assessment. Molecular Biology Reports 17: 71-79.

Smeenk RJT, Van den Brink HG, Brinkman K, Termaat R-M, Berden JHM and Swaak AJG (1991) Anri-dsDNA: choice of assay in relation to clinical value. Rheumatology International 11: 101-107.

Tan EM (1982) Autoantibodies to nuclear antigens (ANA): their immunobiology and medicine. Advances in Immunology 33: 167-240.

Tan EM, Fritzler MJ, McDougal JS et al (1982) Reference sera for ANA. I. Antibodies to native DNA, Sm, nuclear RNP and SS-B. Arthritis and Rheumatism 25: 1003-1005.

Tan EM, Chan EKI., Sullivan KF and Rubin Rl. (1988) Antinuclear antibodies (ANAs): diagnostically specific immune markers and clues toward the understanding of systemic autoimmunity. Clinical Immunology and Immunopathology 47: 121-141.

van Venrooij WJ and Maini RN (1993-95) Manual of Biological Markers of Disease. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic.

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