Characteristics of the organisms and their antigens

Coagulase and fibrinogen binding

An important character of S. aureus and a few other species is their ability to coagulate plasma and to

Table 1 Selected staphylococcal species and disease spectrum

Species

Coagulase

Characteristic

Disease spectrum

S. aureus

+

Human

Furuncles, wound infections Septicemia

Endocarditis, osteomyelitis, arthritis, abscesses Toxin-related disorders Postinfluenzal pneumonia

S. intermedius

+

Animal

Furunculosis, abscesses

S. schleiferi

+

Animal

Furunculosis, abscesses

S. hyicus

Variable

Animal

Furunculosis, abscesses

S. lugdunensis

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Arthritis is a general term which is commonly associated with a number of painful conditions affecting the joints and bones. The term arthritis literally translates to joint inflammation.

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