Treatment A Surgical Consent

A preview of the course of treatment, including a discussion of the potential risks, not only helps the patient put his injury into perspective but serves as an essential hedge against medicolegal risk. Potential negative outcomes of surgery include nerve or vessel injury, infection, reflex sympathetic dystrophy, hardware

Table 1 Classification of Distal Humeral Fractures

I. Intrarticular fractures

A. Single-column fractures

I. Intrarticular fractures

A. Single-column fractures

1.

Medial

a. High

b. Low

2.

Lateral

a. High

b. Low

3.

Divergent

Bicolumn fractures

1.

T pattern

a. High

b. Low

2.

Y pattern

3.

H pattern

4.

Lambda pattern

a. Medial

b. Lateral

5.

Multiplane pattern

C. Capitellar fractures

D. Trochlear fractures

II. Extraarticular intracapsular fractures A. Transcolumn fractures

1. High a. Extension b. Flexion c. Abduction d. Adduction

2. Low a. Extension b. Flexion III. Extracapsular fractures

A. Medial epicondyle

B. Lateral epicondyle

failure, nonunion, malunion, elbow instability, elbow stiffness, and posttraumatic arthritis. Additional surgery may also be required.

B. Equipment t-

The "distal humerus tool kit" includes a large-tenaculum from the large fragment q

Synthes (Paoli, PA) set, 0.062 and 0.045 wires, a wire driver, the small-fragment |

Synthes set, and 3.5-mm reconstruction plates. Acumed has recently introduced @

a set of low-profile plates that are useful for T-condylar distal humeral fractures, particularly when the horizontal limb of the T is close to the articular surface (Fig. 3).

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Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis

Thank you for deciding to learn more about the disorder, Osteoarthritis. Inside these pages, you will learn what it is, who is most at risk for developing it, what causes it, and some treatment plans to help those that do have it feel better. While there is no definitive “cure” for Osteoarthritis, there are ways in which individuals can improve their quality of life and change the discomfort level to one that can be tolerated on a daily basis.

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