Contents

Grow Taller 4 Idiots

How to Grow Taller

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Introduction xi

Timeline xv

Words to Know xxv

VOLUME 1: MEDICINE

Antibiotics, Biosynthesized 1

Anti-Rejection Drugs 5

Arthritis Drugs 10

Aspirin 15

Biochip 19

Bioethics 24

Bioinformatics 28

Blood Transfusions 33

Blood-Clotting Factors 37

Bone Marrow Transplant 42

Bone Substitutes 47

Botox 52

Cancer Drugs 56

Chemotherapy Drugs 61

Cloning, Human 65

Collagen Replacement 70

Corticosteroids 74

C-Reactive Protein 79

Cryonics 83

Cystic Fibrosis Drugs 87

Designer Genes 92

Dialysis 96

DNA Fingerprinting 100

DNA Sequencing 106

DNA Vaccines 111

Enzyme Replacement Therapy 116

Forensic DNA Testing 121

Frozen Egg Technology 125

GenBank 129

Gene Banks 134

Gene Therapy 139

Genetic Testing, Medical 144

Genetic Discrimination 148

Genetically Modified Foods 152

Genomics 157

Germline Gene Therapy 161

HapMap Project 164

Heart Disease Drugs 168

HIV/AIDS Drugs 172

Human Genome Project 176

Human Growth Hormone 180

Insulin, Recombinant Human 185

In-Vitro Fertilization 180

Metabolic Engineering 195

Multiple Sclerosis Drugs 200

Nuclear Transfer 205

Organ Transplants 209

Painkillers 214

Paternity Testing 219

Penicillins 223

Pharmacogenetics 227

Protein Therapies 232

Skin Substitutes 236

Somatic Cell Therapy 241

Stem Cell Lines 247

Stem Cells, Adult 252

Stem Cells, Embryonic 257

Synthetic Biology 262

Therapeutic Cloning 267

Tissue Banks 271

Tissue Engineering 276

Vaccines 281

Xenotransplantation 285

VOLUME 2: AGRICULTURE

Agriculture 291

Alfalfa, Genetically Engineered 298

Animal Cloning 302

Apiculture (Beekeeping) 308

Aquaculture 313

Beer-Making 318

Biofuels, Liquid 323

Biofuels, Solid 328

Biological Crop Rotation 333

Biological Pest Control 337

Biopreservation 342

Biotech in the Dairy Industry 346

Bovine Growth Hormone 350

Bread-Making 354

Breeding, Selective 359

Bt Insect-Resistant Crops 363

Bt Sprays 367

Cheese-Making 372

Compost/Organic Fertilizers 377

Corn, Genetically Engineered 382

Cotton, Genetically Engineered 388

Disease-Resistant Crops 393

Drought-Resistant Crops 397

Dyes, Plant-Based 402

Fat Substitutes 406

Food Bioprocessing 410

Food Preservation 414

Frost-Resistant Crops 420

Genetic Pollution 424

Genetic Engineering 430

Genetically Engineered Animals 435

Genetically Modified Organisms 439

Herbicide-Tolerant Plants 444

Hybrid Plants 449

Hydroponics 454

Plant Grafting 459

Pseudoscience and Biotechnology 464

Recombinant DNA Technology 468

Rice, Genetically Engineered 473

Salinity-Resistant Plants 478

Sentinel Plants 483

Soap-Making 487

Soil-Modifying Bacteria 492

Soybeans, Genetically Engineered 496

Sugar Substitutes 501

Terminator Technology 506

Tomato, Genetically Engineered 510

Transgenic Animals 515

Transgenic Plants 520

Vegetable Oils 525

Wheat, Genetically Engineered 530

Wine-Making 534

Yogurt-Making 538

VOLUME 3: INDUSTRY

Amino Acids, Commercial Use 543

Animal Research and Testing 547

Antimicrobial Soaps 552

Biodegradable Packaging and Products 556

Biodetectors 562

Bioglass 567

Bioleaching 571

Biological Weapons 575

Biomagnetism 580

Biometrics 585

Biomimetic Systems 590

Bioplastics 595

Bioreactor 599

Bioremediation 604

Biorobotics 609

Biorubber 613

Biosafety Level Laboratories 617

Cornstarch Packing Materials 622

Cosmetics 627

DNA Computing 632

E. coli 637

Electrophoresis 641

Enzymes, Industrial 645

Ethanol 650

Explosives, Bioremediation of 656

Extraterrestrial Biotechnology 661

Fermentation, Industrial 666

Fingerprint Technology 670

Fuel Cell Technology 675

Government Regulations 680

Green Chemistry 685

High-Fructose Corn Syrup 690

Laundry Detergents 694

Molecular Farming 698

Mussel Adhesive Protein 703

Nanotechnology, Molecular 707

Nutraceuticals 711

Oil-Seed Crops 717

Organic Acids, Commercial Use 721

Patents in Biotechnology 725

Plant-Made Pharmaceuticals 730

Polymerase Chain Reaction 735

Retina and Iris Scans 740

Security-Related Biotechnology 744

Silk-Making 749

Smart Materials and Sensors 753

Solid Waste Treatment 757

Waste Gas Treatment 762

Wastewater Treatment 767

Yeast Artificial Chromosome 771

Where To Learn More lv

Index lix

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