Uses: In Indonesia, Justiciagendarussa Burm. f. is used to induce vomiting. In Malaysia, a decoction of 50 g of roots is used to treat rheumatic arthritis; boiled with ginger rhizome and lime, it is used to alleviate bleeding cough. A decoction of the leaves is used to combat fever, promote menses, assuage stomach discomfort, check haemoptysis, alleviate cough, treat asthma, and to relieve the bowels of costiveness. The fresh leaves are pounded and used externally to treat pyoderma, lumbago and rheumatism. A paste of leaves mixed with vinegar is used to assuage toothache. Justicia gendarussa Burm. f. is also used during the hot stages of malaria to combat fever and to treat leucorrhea. In Vietnam, the plant is used to resolve tumors, promote appetite, and to invigorate health. In India, the plant is used to treat bronchitis, soothe inflammation, and to promote digestion.

Gupta MP, etal. (1996) Int J Pharmacog 27(4): 713-722.

Linos CS, etal. (1997) PhytotherRes 11(3): 211-215.

Mac Rae WD, etal. (1984) JEthnopharmacol 12(1): 93-111.

Subbarajii GV, etal. (1991) J Nat Prod 54(6): 1639-1641.

Warning: Caution must be taken as the toxic effects of this plant are unknown

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