Anti-inflammatory properties: An aqueous extract of the plant lowers the production of eicosanoid (Laupattarakasem P eta/., 2003). One might think the megastig-manes, flavonoid, aliphatic alcohols such as ebracteoside B and benzoxazinoid glycosides which occur in the plant or even iridoid or phenylethanoid glycosides (Kanchanapoon T eta/., 2001), are involved in the anti-inflammatory properties via the inhibition of the enzymatic activity of phospholipases or cyclo-oxygenases.
Extracts of Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl. do not cause mutations in the Salmonella thyphimurium strains TA98 and TA100 (Rojanapo W et a/., 1990).
Uses: In Malaysia, 2-3 seeds of Acanthus ebracteatus Valh are swallowed to expel intestinal worms. A paste of the seeds is used to counteract putrefaction. A decoction of the leaves is drunk to alleviate cough. The roots are used to treat shingles. In Thailand, the leaves are used to treat arthritis.
The plant is interesting because it elaborates a series of pharmacologically active polysaccharides (Hokputsa S et al., 2004).
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