Pharmaceutical interest

Anti-inflammatory properties: An aqueous extract of the plant lowers the production of eicosanoid (Laupattarakasem P eta/., 2003). One might think the megastig-manes, flavonoid, aliphatic alcohols such as ebracteoside B and benzoxazinoid glycosides which occur in the plant or even iridoid or phenylethanoid glycosides (Kanchanapoon T eta/., 2001), are involved in the anti-inflammatory properties via the inhibition of the enzymatic activity of phospholipases or cyclo-oxygenases.

Extracts of Acanthus ebracteatus Vahl. do not cause mutations in the Salmonella thyphimurium strains TA98 and TA100 (Rojanapo W et a/., 1990).

Uses: In Malaysia, 2-3 seeds of Acanthus ebracteatus Valh are swallowed to expel intestinal worms. A paste of the seeds is used to counteract putrefaction. A decoction of the leaves is drunk to alleviate cough. The roots are used to treat shingles. In Thailand, the leaves are used to treat arthritis.

Ebracteoside B

The plant is interesting because it elaborates a series of pharmacologically active polysaccharides (Hokputsa S et al., 2004).

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