Elaeocarpus sphaericus Gaertn K

From Greek, elaion oil and karpos fruit, and from Latin, sphaericus spherical Common names Bead tree of India, ustram bead tree rudraksha (Sanskrit). Physical description It is a tree which grows to a height of 15 m in India, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, and the Pacific Islands. The stems are terete, brownish, lenticelled, smooth and glabrous, and the wood is whitish. Leaves simple, spiral and without stipules. The petiole is 1.2 cm- 1.4 cm long and channeled. The blade is 9...

Ranunculus sceleratus L

From Latin, rana frog and from Greek, selinon parsley Physical description It is a herb which grows to a height of 60 cm. It is found in the ditches and paddles of the temperate regions. The stems are succulent, inflated and glabrous. Leaves radical, 1.8 cm-3.7 cm diameter, reniform and 3-fid. The upper leaves are cauline, entire or 3-fid and smaller. The petiole is slender, channeled, sheathing at the base and 1 cm-4.5 cm long. The blade is very thin, deeply incised and shows nervations which...

Pharmaceutical interest

Psychoanaleptic property The oil expressed from the seeds of Celas-trus paniculata Willd. given per os (50mg Kg, 200mg Kg or 400mg Kg) to young adult rats for 14 days, completely reverses the scopolamine (0.5 mg Kg)-induced impairment in a navigational memory test (Gattu M et a ., 1997). The same oil tested in a 2 compartment passive memory test improved the retention ability of albino rats. This effect is accompanied with a decrease in the brain content of nora- Uses In Burma, the seeds of...

Oroxylum indicum L Vent

From Greek, oros mountain, xylos wood and from Latin, indicum from India Common names Trumpet flowers, broken bones, midday marvel bulai, begak, bongelai kayu, bonlaijohar, juar (Malay) arala (among 40 other Sanskrit names) achi, vanga adanthay (Tamil) nuc nac, nam hoang ba, poe ta lop (Vietnamese). Uses In China, the seeds of Oroxylum indicum (L.) Vent. are used to assuage liver and stomach discomfort, and to heal ulcers and boils. In Burma, Vietnam and the Philippines, the bark is used to...

Tetragonia tetragonioides Pallas O Ktze

From Greek, tettares four and gonos Physical description It is a herb native to the Southern Hemisphere. It grows by the roads, along seashores and on the sea cliffs of the Pacific region, South America to Japan and Southeast China (including Norfolk and Lord Howe Islands), New Zealand, Australia, Tasmania, the Kermadec Islands, New Caledonia, Hawaii, and other Pacific Islands. It is widely naturalized in the temperate and subtropical parts of the world as an escape from cultivation. It is...

Gomphrena globosa L

Common names Globe amaranth, bachelor's buttons bunga butang (Malay). Common names Globe amaranth, bachelor's buttons bunga butang (Malay). From Latin, gomphaena amaranth and globulus globe Physical description It is an ornamental, hairy and upright herb native to South America which grows to a height of 30 cm in several tropical countries. Leaves opposite, simple, without stipules and 5cm-10cm long. The flowers are small and compressed into globose and terminal heads of 2.5 cm-4 cm in...