Types of Bullets

The ordinary load for handguns and rifles is a bullet made of lead. The lead may be fully or partially covered by another metal, called a jacket, which has several purposes it protects the barrel of the weapon from leading it hardens and lubricates the bullet, thereby somewhat diminishing the possibility of bullet deformity when it strikes tissue, particularly bone and it may be shed as the bullet traverses tissues in the body. Each weapon has grooves inside the barrel that leave identifiable...

References

Knee ligaments, repair, and reconstruction. St. Louis, Mo Mosby Yearbook, Inc., 1993. 2. Hughston JC, Walsh WM, Puddu G. Patella subluxation and dislocation. Saunders Monographs in Clinical Orthopaedics. Volume V. Philadelphia, Pa WB Saunders, 1994. 3. Frey C, Biorkengen A, Sartoris D, Resnick D. Knee dysfunction secondary to dislocation of the fabella. Clin Orthop 1987 222 223-227. 4. Sutro CJ, Pomeranz MM, Simon SM. Fabella (sesamoid in the lateral head of the gastrocnemius)....

Conclusions

Gonarthrosis

Evidence of antemortem injuries and stress usually remains as permanent osteo-logical features in the bone. If recognized and correctly classified, this evidence can become a critical element in the process of victim identification. Fig. 21. Age-related gonarthrosis. Age-related, degenerative gonarthrosis is undoubtedly the most commonly encountered abnormality in the distal femur. It first appears as a general increase of bony lipping of the articular margins and can eventually involve all...

Skeletal Evidence of Knee Injury and Stress

Semitendinosus Gracilis

The knee is the largest and one of the strongest joints in the human body. It is a major weight-bearing joint and is subjected to stress and injury even during sedentary daily living. During athletic competition and other strenuous activity, the stress is increased Fig. 16. These thick, strong tendons and capsular structures that cover the posterior aspect of the knee help mold the contours of the underlying bone illustration by the author, reproduced with permission from ref. 1 Hughston Sports...