Buckwalter JA. Articular cartilage: injuries and potential for healing. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1998;28:192-202.
 Brittberg M, Lindahl A, Nilsson A, et al. Treatment of deep cartilage defects in the knee with autologous chondrocyte transplantation. N Engl J Med 1994;31:889-941.
 Rodrigo JJ, Steadman JR, Silliman JF, et al. Improvement of full-thickness chondral defect healing in the human knee after debridement and microfracture using continuous passive motion. Am J Knee Surg 1994;7:109-16.
 Breinan HA, Minas T, Hsu HP, et al. Effect of cultured autologous chondrocytes on repair of chondral defects in a canine model. J Bone Joint Surg 1997;79A:1439-51.
 Gross AE. Repair of cartilage defects in the knee. J Knee Surg 2002;15:167-9.
 Steadman JR, Rodkey WG, Rodrigo JJ. Microfracture: surgical treatment and rehabilitation to treat chondral defects. Clin Orthop 2001;391S:S362-9.
 Steadman JR, Rodkey WG, Briggs KK. Microfracture to treat full-thickness chondral defects: surgical technique, rehabilitation, and outcomes. J Knee Surg 2002;15:170-6.
 Steadman JR, Miller BS, Karas SG, et al. The microfracture technique in the treatment of full-thickness chondral lesions of the knee in National Football League players. J Knee Surg 2003;16:83-6.
 Steadman JR, Briggs KK, Rodrigo JJ, et al. Outcomes of microfracture for traumatic chondral defects of the knee: average 11-year follow-up. Arthroscopy 2003;19:477-84.
 Knutsen G, Engebresten L, Ludvigsen TC, et al. Autologous chondrocyte implantation compared with microfracture in the knee. A randomized trial. J Bone Joint Surg 2004; 86A:455-64.
 Frisbie DD, Oxford JT, Southwood L, et al. Early events in cartilage repair after subchondral bone microfracture. Clin Orthop 2003;407:215-27.
 DeAngelis NA, Busconi BD. Assessment and differential diagnosis of the painful hip. Clin Orthop 2003;406:11-8.
 McCarthy JC. The diagnosis and treatment of labral and chondral injuries. AAOS Instruct Course Lect 2004;53:573-7.
 Tanzer M, Noiseux N. Osseous abnormalities and early osteoarthritis. Clin Orthop 2004; 429:170-7.
 Philippon MJ. Hip arthroscopy in athletes. In: McGintyJB, editor. Operative arthroscopy. 3rd edition. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott-Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
 Schenker ML, Martin R, Weiland DE, et al. Current trends in hip arthroscopy: a review of injury diagnosis, techniques, and outcome scoring. Curr Opin Orthop 2005;16:89-94.
 McCarthy JC, Lee JA. Arthroscopic intervention in early hip disease. Clin Orthop 2004; 429:157-62.
 Newburg AH, Newman JS. Imaging the painful hip. Clin Orthop 2003;406:19-28.
 Sekiya JK, Ruch DS, Hunter DM, et al. Hip arthroscopy in staging avascular necrosis of the femoral head. J South Orthop Assn 2000;9:254-61.
 Keeney JA, Peelle MW, et al. Magnetic resonance arthrography versus arthroscopy in the evaluation of articular hip pathology. Clin Orthop 2004;429:163-9.
 Kelly BT, Williams RJ, Philippon MJ. Hip arthroscopy: current indications, treatment options, and management issues. Am J Sports Med 2003;31:1020-37.
 Byrd JW. Hip arthroscopy. The supine position. Clin Sports Med 2001;20:703-31.
 Bohannon-Mason J, McCarthy JC, O'Donnell JO, et al. Hip arthroscopy: surgical approach, positioning, and distraction. Clin Orthop 2003;406:29-37.
 Monllau JC, Reina-de la Torre R, Puig L, et al. Arthroscopic approaches to the hip joint. Tech Orthop 2005;20:2-8.
 Clarke MT, Arora A, Villar RN. Hip arthroscopy: complications in 1054 cases. Clin Orthop 2003;406:84-8.
 Sampson TG. Arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement. Tech Orthop 2005; 20:56-62.
 Byrd JWT, Jones KS. Osteoarthritis caused by an inverted acetabular labrum: radiographic diagnosis and arthroscopic treatment. Arthroscopy 2002;18:741-7.
 McCarthy J, Barsoum W, Puri L, et al. The role of hip arthroscopy in the elite athlete. Clin Orthop 2003;406:71-4.
 Fargo LA, Glick JM, Sampson TG. Hip arthroscopy for acetabular labral tears. Arthroscopy 1999;15:132-7.
Was this article helpful?
Thank you for deciding to learn more about the disorder, Osteoarthritis. Inside these pages, you will learn what it is, who is most at risk for developing it, what causes it, and some treatment plans to help those that do have it feel better. While there is no definitive “cure” for Osteoarthritis, there are ways in which individuals can improve their quality of life and change the discomfort level to one that can be tolerated on a daily basis.