Buckwalter JA. Articular cartilage: injuries and potential for healing. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 1998;28:192-202.
 Brittberg M, Lindahl A, Nilsson A, et al. Treatment of deep cartilage defects in the knee with autologous chondrocyte transplantation. N Engl J Med 1994;31:889-941.
 Rodrigo JJ, Steadman JR, Silliman JF, et al. Improvement of full-thickness chondral defect healing in the human knee after debridement and microfracture using continuous passive motion. Am J Knee Surg 1994;7:109-16.
 Breinan HA, Minas T, Hsu HP, et al. Effect of cultured autologous chondrocytes on repair of chondral defects in a canine model. J Bone Joint Surg 1997;79A:1439-51.
 Gross AE. Repair of cartilage defects in the knee. J Knee Surg 2002;15:167-9.
 Steadman JR, Rodkey WG, Rodrigo JJ. Microfracture: surgical treatment and rehabilitation to treat chondral defects. Clin Orthop 2001;391S:S362-9.
 Steadman JR, Rodkey WG, Briggs KK. Microfracture to treat full-thickness chondral defects: surgical technique, rehabilitation, and outcomes. J Knee Surg 2002;15:170-6.
 Steadman JR, Miller BS, Karas SG, et al. The microfracture technique in the treatment of full-thickness chondral lesions of the knee in National Football League players. J Knee Surg 2003;16:83-6.
 Steadman JR, Briggs KK, Rodrigo JJ, et al. Outcomes of microfracture for traumatic chondral defects of the knee: average 11-year follow-up. Arthroscopy 2003;19:477-84.
 Knutsen G, Engebresten L, Ludvigsen TC, et al. Autologous chondrocyte implantation compared with microfracture in the knee. A randomized trial. J Bone Joint Surg 2004; 86A:455-64.
 Frisbie DD, Oxford JT, Southwood L, et al. Early events in cartilage repair after subchondral bone microfracture. Clin Orthop 2003;407:215-27.
 DeAngelis NA, Busconi BD. Assessment and differential diagnosis of the painful hip. Clin Orthop 2003;406:11-8.
 McCarthy JC. The diagnosis and treatment of labral and chondral injuries. AAOS Instruct Course Lect 2004;53:573-7.
 Tanzer M, Noiseux N. Osseous abnormalities and early osteoarthritis. Clin Orthop 2004; 429:170-7.
 Philippon MJ. Hip arthroscopy in athletes. In: McGintyJB, editor. Operative arthroscopy. 3rd edition. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott-Williams & Wilkins; 2002.
 Schenker ML, Martin R, Weiland DE, et al. Current trends in hip arthroscopy: a review of injury diagnosis, techniques, and outcome scoring. Curr Opin Orthop 2005;16:89-94.
 McCarthy JC, Lee JA. Arthroscopic intervention in early hip disease. Clin Orthop 2004; 429:157-62.
 Newburg AH, Newman JS. Imaging the painful hip. Clin Orthop 2003;406:19-28.
 Sekiya JK, Ruch DS, Hunter DM, et al. Hip arthroscopy in staging avascular necrosis of the femoral head. J South Orthop Assn 2000;9:254-61.
 Keeney JA, Peelle MW, et al. Magnetic resonance arthrography versus arthroscopy in the evaluation of articular hip pathology. Clin Orthop 2004;429:163-9.
 Kelly BT, Williams RJ, Philippon MJ. Hip arthroscopy: current indications, treatment options, and management issues. Am J Sports Med 2003;31:1020-37.
 Byrd JW. Hip arthroscopy. The supine position. Clin Sports Med 2001;20:703-31.
 Bohannon-Mason J, McCarthy JC, O'Donnell JO, et al. Hip arthroscopy: surgical approach, positioning, and distraction. Clin Orthop 2003;406:29-37.
 Monllau JC, Reina-de la Torre R, Puig L, et al. Arthroscopic approaches to the hip joint. Tech Orthop 2005;20:2-8.
 Clarke MT, Arora A, Villar RN. Hip arthroscopy: complications in 1054 cases. Clin Orthop 2003;406:84-8.
 Sampson TG. Arthroscopic treatment of femoroacetabular impingement. Tech Orthop 2005; 20:56-62.
 Byrd JWT, Jones KS. Osteoarthritis caused by an inverted acetabular labrum: radiographic diagnosis and arthroscopic treatment. Arthroscopy 2002;18:741-7.
 McCarthy J, Barsoum W, Puri L, et al. The role of hip arthroscopy in the elite athlete. Clin Orthop 2003;406:71-4.
 Fargo LA, Glick JM, Sampson TG. Hip arthroscopy for acetabular labral tears. Arthroscopy 1999;15:132-7.
Was this article helpful?