Chronic Fatigue Ebooks Catalog
Not only do the methods of these studies come under attack, but the researchers themselves may be personally denigrated. A CFIDS chat group member writes Chronic fatigue syndrome and depression Chronic fatigue syndrome as a form of depression Depression as a risk factor for chronic fatigue syndrome Three prospective studies of the role of viruses in CFS found that psychiatric disorder and psychological distress at or before clinical presentation predicted the development of post-viral fatigue six to twenty-four months after infection (Cope et al. 1994 Hotopf, Noah and Wessely 1996 Wessely et al. 1995b). However, other factors such as fatigue at presentation, prolonged bed rest, time off work and symptom attributional style were also associated with ongoing fatigue (Cope et al. 1994 Hotopf, Noah and Wessely 1996). When these variables were entered into a regression equation together with psychological morbidity, a psychiatric history was no longer a significant predictor of CFS (Cope...
Muscular complications of HIV infection are classified as follows (1) HIV-associated myopathy and related conditions including polymyositis, inclusion-body myositis, nemaline myopathy, diffuse infiltrative lymphocyto-sis syndrome, HIV-wasting syndrome, vasculitis, myasthenic syndromes, and chronic fatigue (2) iatrogenic conditions including mitochondrial my-opathy, HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome, and immune restoration syndrome (3) tumor infiltrations of skeletal muscle and (4) rhabdomyolysis 69 .
The quality of an individual's adaptive immune system can be evaluated through the balance of inflammatory cytokines it is producing. A healthy immune system is both balanced and dynamic - it should be balanced between Th1 and Th2 activity, switching back and forth between the two as needed. A failure of the Th1 arm of the immune system and an overactive Th2 arm is implicated in a wide variety of chronic illnesses, including autoimmune conditions, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, chronic fatigue syndrome, candidiasis, allergies, multiple chemical sensitivities, blood sugar regulatory problems (including diabetes), and cancer. Likewise, overexpression of Th1- and cell-specific immunity can occur, leading to a subset of autoimmune disturbances. Symptoms such as gas and bloating, abdominal pain and diarrhea, can occur with imbalances in gut flora. As these imbalances continue they can progress to more profound symptoms such as headaches, nerve pain, skin rashes, and joint pain. The...
Early Lyme disease sometimes presents with flulike illness erythema migrans begins as an erythematous macule or papule at the site of tick bite, often with central punctum at the site of the bite eruption gradually expands with central clearing over days to weeks multiple lesions may occur borrelial lymphocytoma bluish red nodules, usually on earlobe or nipple acro-dermatitis chronica atrophicans begins as an inflammatory phase marked with edema and erythema, usually on the distal extremities lesions on posterior heels and dorsal surfaces of the hands, feet, elbows, and knees gradual central progression over months to years systemic involvement, including Bell's palsy, arthritis chronic fatigue syndrome meningoradiculoneuri-tis (Bannwarth syndrome) carditis and chronic meningoencephalitis
M. fermentans has been shown to cause arthritis and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The pathogenic potential of M. penetrans is not fully elucidated however, bacteremia in an immunocompetent patient has been described. Both pathogens have been implicated in the pathogenesis of chronic fatigue syndrome. PCR primers targeting the 16S rDNA (M. fermentans) and the 16S-23S rDNA spacer region (M. penetrans) have been
My own experience of the medical application of Zhan Zhuang, as well as that of several of my students who use it in clinics in Europe, indicates that it can be highly effective in the treatment of a range of internal disorders cancer, blood pressure problems, gastric ulcers, irritable bowel syndrome, allergies, infertility and multiple sclerosis. It has also been used to treat disorders related to the nervous system such as Parkinson's disease and chronic fatigue syndrome, as well as an aid in recovery after heart attacks and strokes.
ADD ADHD, AIDS, anorexia, anxiety, arthritis, asthma, ataxia, bipolar, cachexia, cancer, chronic fatigue, chronic pain, cramps, Crohn's, depression, epilepsy, fever, glaucoma (progressive blindness), HIV, insomnia, migraine, MS, nausea, neuralgia, neuropathy, PMS, PTSD, rheumatism, sickle cell anemia, spasms, spinal injury, stress, vomiting, wasting syndrome.
The OTC stimulants are divided into two types of drugs amphetamines and caffeine. Diet pills contain amphetamines, while caffeine is found in a wide array of products including coffee, tea, many soft drinks, pain medications, and allergy and cold remedies. Both amphetamines and caffeine are used to delay the onset of mental and physical fatigue. Because they increase short-term energy, they are often abused by people who work long hours or athletes looking for a physical advantage in their sport.
Vaccination is obviously expected to be a safe medical procedure that will lead to no harm because vaccines are given to healthy children (often repeatedly) and to healthy adults. Paradoxically, the very success of immunisation and immunisation programmes in reducing markedly the incidence of infectious diseases, such as smallpox (now eradicated), wild-type poliomyelitis (virtually eradicated in many industrialised countries), measles, rubella, diphtheria and others, has led to increased concern about vaccine safety and adverse reactions. In addition, there have been a number of unwarranted reports alleging an association between vaccines and often diseases of unknown aetiology, e.g. mumps, measles, rubella (MMR) vaccine and Crohn's disease and autism, hepatitis B vaccine and multiple sclerosis and chronic fatigue syndrome (benign myalgic encephalomyelitis ME). Such associations have not been confirmed by subsequent research, and subsequent studies which fail to confirm the original...
Additionally, the HPA axis is hyperactive in individuals with depression, and increased vasopressin levels are associated with increased suicide risk.40 ACTH autoantibodies are correlated with conditions such as chronic fatigue syndrome, anorexia nervosa, and major depression. These autoantibodies cause a decrease in cortisol by disrupting the HPA axis.41 Studies have shown that late-in-life depression is associated with both below and above normal levels of cortisol, suggesting a sensitivity to any variation in the HPA axis.42 In addition to depression, dysregulation of the HPA axis is also found in anxiety and panic disorder.43
Researchers have linked endometriosis to such diseases as systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and Sjogren's syndrome, which suggests that endometriosis may have an autoimmune component. Other conditions, such as fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, hypothyroidism, allergies, asthma, and eczema, are significantly more common in women with endometriosis than in the general female population of the United States.27 Endometriosis is also correlated with an increased risk of ovarian cancer and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.28,29
MS, multiple sclerosis MND, motor neuron disease AD, Alzheimer's disease HIVE, human immunodeficiency virus-associated encephalopathy HAM, human T-lymphotrophic virus-associated myelopathy SSPE, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis PRE, progressive rubella encephalopathy CFS, chronic fatigue syndrome PPFS, post-polio fatigue syndrome SLE, systemic lupus erythematosus RA, rheumatoid arthritis PAN, polyarteritis nodosa. yet there is no specific agent (bacterial or viral) that can be identified in the majority of patient samples. Despite numerous attempts at viral culture (and success only in a few isolated cases), no conclusive data have emerged. It is nevertheless not inconceivable that the host immune system in CFS is subtly disrupted (suggested by many reports on abnormal NK cell function), and this, in turn, may allow reactivation of common latent viruses such as the herpesvirus family (EBV and HHV6) and also prevent the clearance of endemic viruses such as enteroviruses with normal...
Steele, L., Dobbins, J., Fukuda, K., et al. (1998). The epidemiology of chronic fatigue in San Francisco. American Journal of Medicine,28 (Suppl. 3A), 83s-90s. 46. Wessely, S., Chalder, T., Hirsch, S., Wallace, P., and Wright, D. (1997). The prevalence and morbidity of chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome a prospective primary care study. American Journal of Public Health,87, 1449-55. 50. Buchwald, D., Umali, P., Umali, J., Kith, P., Pearlman, T., and Komaroff, A. (1995). Chronic fatigue and the chronic fatigue syndrome prevalence in a Pacific Northwest health care system. Annals of Internal Medicine, 123, 81-8. 51. Wessely, S., Chalder, T., Hirsch, S., Wallace, P., and Wright, D. (1996). Psychological symptoms, somatic symptoms, and psychiatric disorder in chronic fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome a prospective study in the primary care setting. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 1050-9. 52. Lawrie, S., Manders, D., Geddes, J., and Pelosi, A. (1997). A...
Chronic medical conditions may also cause significant sleep disturbance and manifest clinically as either EDS or fatigue. Patients with fibromyalgia frequently characterize their sleep as being restless, light, and unrefreshing 63 . These patients often have an alpha-frequency EEG coincident with delta-frequency sleep, or alpha-delta sleep 64 . Alpha activity is characteristic of the EEG pattern seen during quiet wakefulness with the eyes closed and does not typically occur during deep sleep (when delta activity occurs) in normal subjects. This EEG finding has also been reported to occur in rheumatoid arthritis and chronic fatigue syndrome 65,66 . Researchers have found a positive correlation between the frequency of alpha-delta sleep and severity of overnight pain in patients with fibromyalgia, and an inverse correlation between frequency of alpha-delta sleep and subjective sleep depth and or refreshing sleep 67,68 .
Patients who use certain coping strategies (e.g., active coping, less denial, more acceptance) for dealing with the demands of major life-threatening diseases such as cancer and HIV infection, as well as life stressors in general, may show the ability to outlive their physician's prognosis for the course of their disease (Ironson, Solomon, Cruess, Barroso, & Stivers, 1995b). These coping strategies may also relate to a better physical course of chronic but non-life-threatening diseases such as arthritis (Blalock, DeVellis, & Giordino, 1995 Grady et al., 1991) and chronic fatigue syndrome (Antoni et al., 1994 Antoni & Weiss, 2003 Lutgendorf et al., 1995), which are usually tracked in terms of flare-ups.
Weir et al. (31) found that patients with FMS (females more likely than males) were 2.14 to 7.05 times more likely to have at least one comorbid condition including depression, anxiety, headache, IBS, chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), SLE, and RA. In another study, a high incidence of FMS was found in female, but not male, migraine patients (32).
Aminotransferase (ALT) occur in 12 of children with ulcerative colitis and appear to be related to medications or disease activity.106 Persistent ALT elevations suggest the presence of primary scleros-ing cholangitis (PSC) or autoimmune chronic hepatitis.106 Among children with ulcerative colitis, 3.5 develop sclerosing cholangitis and 1 develop chronic hepatitis.106 The diagnosis of PSC may be suspected based on symptoms of chronic fatigue, anorexia, pruritus or jaundice, although many children may be asymptomatic.107 y-Glutamyl-transpeptidase and alkaline phos-phatase levels are typically elevated.92 The diagnosis of PSC may be established through a combination of cholangiography and liver biopsy.107 There is a paucity of literature addressing the long-term outcome of children with PSC specifically associated with ulcerative colitis.106 In children with PSC (with or without IBD), later age at presentation, splenomegaly and prolonged prothrombin time (PT) at presentation were...
MENTAL HEALTH Cannabis enhances sensory experiences such as enjoyment of music and art, and has long been regarded as a mild aphrodisiac. It can stimulate inspiration and critical thinking, increase motivation and reduce malaise such as chronic fatigue syndrome. It is anti-depressant and helps people with attention deficit (ADD ADHD) to better focus and concentrate. It can stabilize bipolar mood swings and may also help with memory, such as with Alzheimer's and senility. Studies on veterans show it helps reduce nightmares and rage caused by PTSD. Contraindication Possibly schizophrenia. May cause paranoia or panic attack.
Fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, and Natelson, B. H. 2001. Chronic fatigue syndrome. JAMA Journal of the American Medical Association 285, no. 20 2,557-2,559. Reid, S. T. Chalder A. Cleare et. 2000. Chronic fatigue syndrome. BMJ 320, no. 7,230 292-296. Rowe, P. C. H. Calkins K. DeBusk et al. 2001. Fludro-cortisone acetate to treat neurally mediated hypotension in chronic fatigue syndrome A randomized controlled trial. JAMA Journal of the American Medical Association 285, no. 1 52-59.
Contusion) 177 Cardiac Tamponade 181 Cardiogenic Shock 185 Cardiomyopathy 189 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome 193 Cataract 196 Cerebral Aneurysm 199 Cerebral Concussion 203 Cerebrovascular Accident 207 Cervical Cancer 212 Cervical Incompetence 216 Chlamydial Infections 219 Cholecystitis and Cholelithiasis 223 Chorioamnionitis 227 Chronic Fatigue Immune Dysfunction
Although the primary indications have been for wellness and a reduction of stress and pain, there are many other ways in which massage therapy is clinically useful, including the following (1) pain reduction during painful procedures such as childbirth labor, and massage therapy prior to debridement for burn patients (2) pain reduction in chronic pain conditions such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, premenstrual syndrome, lower back pain, migraine headaches, and carpal tunnel syndrome (3) alleviation of depression and anxiety, such as in bulimia, anorexia, and chronic fatigue (4) stress reduction including job stress and separation stress and (5) immune disorders including HIV and breast cancer following an associated increase in natural killer cells, which are the front line of the immune system and ward off viral cells and cancer cells, as well as for the autoimmune conditions already mentioned, including diabetes and asthma. Although some therapists have warned of...
The impact of dietary TFA in adult onset diabetic subjects, where lipid metabolism is impaired by the diabetic state, is further impaired by these abnormal dietary fatty acids.67-68 The studies of Horrobin,69 express the previously known62 impaired biosynthesis of gamma-linolenic acid from linoleic acid, due to the disruption of delta-6-desaturase, which was shown to be a slow and rate-limiting enzyme. The direct effect of hydrogenated oils to decrease delta-6-desaturase activity is particularly emphasized by the work of Mahfouz et al.,70 and, more recently, by Wahle and James.71 Horrobin's work related to gamma-linolenic acid supplementation, using evening primrose oil as a therapeutic source for this fatty acid,72 emphasizes the effectiveness of such treatment for atopic eczema, diabetic neuropathy, rheumatoid arthritis, and other forms of inflammation, systemic sclerosis, gastrointestinal disorders, viral infections, and post-viral fatigue syndrome, endometriosis, schizophrenia,...
Fatigue Fatigue is different from drowsiness. Drowsiness is feeling the need to sleep, whereas fatigue is a lack of energy and motivation. Apathy (a feeling of indifference or not caring about what happens) and drowsiness can be symptoms of fatigue. Fatigue can be normal after physical exertion or because of lack of sleep. When persisting fatigue is not relieved by enough sleep, good nutrition, or a low-stress environment, it should be investigated. Because fatigue is a common complaint, associated illness may be overlooked. It is a common symptom in MS and other autoimmune disorders. However, there are many other possible physical and psychological causes of fatigue including anemia, hypothy-roidism, infections, sleep disorders, depression, medications, etc. Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a condition that starts with flu-like symptoms and lasts for 6 months or more. All other possible causes of fatigue are eliminated before this diagnosis is made.
SI may be caused by a number of physical conditions including asthma, fibromyal-gia, chronic fatigue syndrome, pulmonary disease, gastroesophageal reflux, renal failure, headaches, heart disease, arthritis, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, and Huntington's disease 41 . Other sources of SI are psychiatric disorders and substances. Mental disorders which can cause insomnia include anxiety disorders, many types of drug withdrawal, major depressive disorder, and dysthymic disorder 40 . A primary disorder can instigate SI through a direct neurological link such as muscle tremors, through pain, or through stress 41 . Furthermore, many of the instigators of insomnia are also reactive to insomnia. For example, studies have shown that insomnia is both caused by and exacerbates headaches and other types of pain 43,44 .
Longed disability if not recognized and treated. The association of arthritis and neurologic involvement most often taking the form of a fluctuating meningoencephalitis (headache, stiff neck, nausea and vomiting, chronic fatigue) with cranial or peripheral neuritis, particularly facial palsy, has long been known in Europe as the Bannwarth syndrome. Myelitic and cauda equina syndromes and a polymyositis are also documented. Meningeal symptoms are associated with a CSF lymphocytosis (up to 3000 per mm3), an elevated protein content, but normal glucose.
A 50-year-old white female presents with aching and stiffness in the trunk, hip, and shoulders. There is widespread muscle pain after mild exertion. Symptoms are worse in the morning and improve during the day. They are also worsened by stress. The patient is always tired and exhausted. She has trouble sleeping at night. On exam, joints are normal but there are multiple points of tenderness over the occiput, neck, lateral epicondyle, and medial fat pad of the knee. ESR is normal, and there is no history of Lyme disease or HIV disease exposure. A definitive diagnosis is best made by
In the absence of hypothyroidism or thyrotoxicosis, people who have multiple demands and or jobs that require long hours are often sleep deprived, which can have serious health repercussions. In fact, some research suggests that chronic fatigue as well as fibromyalgia may be directly linked to chronic sleep deprivation. One Canadian study deliberately deprived a group of medical students of non-REM sleep over a period of several nights. Within the next few days, each of the study participants developed symptoms of CFS and or fibromyalgia.
Tea has been called an elixir of life and is commonly used as an antidote to mental fatigue. This effect may in fact be caffeine-induced. Although there is less in tea than in coffee, enough caffeine is present in a cup of tea to dilate the brain's blood vessels. Tea seems to have a wide range of health benefits, as a survey of the scientific literature between 1998 and 2000 attests. The two principal active ingredients are the tea polyphenols (a group of six chemically and structurally related molecules) and theanine (an unusual amino acid found in green but not black tea beverage). (Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins.) Like vitamins C and E, the tea polyphenols are antioxidants that may slow the onset of atherosclerosis, some forms of cancer, and the onset and severity of arthritis. Nonantioxidant properties of tea polyphenols also may contribute to their overall effectiveness in disease prevention. Evidence is mounting to suggest theanine can help anticancer chemicals...
Evening primrose oil (OEP) is a dietary supplement that contains essential fatty acids (omega-3 and omega-6) and has been investigated in-depth for its effectiveness for conditions that are associated with a deficiency in essential fatty acids. OEP has a good safety profile with mild side effects and rare serious adverse events. OEP should not be taken during pregnancy, prior to surgery, in patients at risk for seizures or taking phenothiazine-related medications, antiplatelets, thrombolytics, low-molecular-weight heparins, or anticoagulants. There have been no reports of toxic ingestion, mortality, or teratogenicity with OEP supplementation, and usage during lactation is presumed to be safe. The German Commission E has not approved the use of OEP for any condition at this time. OEP is possibly effective for essential fatty acid deficiency and breast pain, and for rheumatoid arthritis after 6 months of treatment. Efficacy of OEP has not been clearly established for the following...
Home, feeling angry and looking for a way to relieve his frustrations. As a result he may become angry with the neighbour's dog for no apparent reason, but just as he begins to walk towards the dog to kick it, an inner order from the brain centres warns him that the dog will bite. This causes indecision and the muscles remain in a state of tension, ready for action. This kind of emotion, with or without translation into physical action, results in dissipation and wastage of energy. The result is chronic fatigue. For many people these emotional disturbances and their corresponding detrimental physical effects are almost a continuous part of life. People are continually feeling anger, fear, jealousy, etc., which makes them perpetually tense in mind and body and ultimately leads to disease, either physically or mentally or both.
The answer is a. (Braunwald, 15 e, pp 1933-1934.) The clinical picture of symmetrical swelling and tenderness of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and wrist joints lasting longer than 6 weeks strongly suggests rheumatoid arthritis. Rheumatoid factor, an immunoglobulin directed against the Fc portion of IgG, is positive in about two-thirds of cases and is present early in the disease. The history of lethargy or fatigue is a common prodrome of RA. The inflammatory joint changes are not consistent with chronic fatigue syndrome. The MCP-wrist distribution of joint symptoms makes osteoarthritis very unlikely. The x-ray changes described are characteristic of RA, but would occur later in the course of the disease.
In addition to MS and encephalomyelitis, and association with HHV-6 exposure and HHV-6 reactivity has also been claimed for chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and narcoplepsy. CFS is an incapacitating disease of adult of all ages, which shares certain clinical features with MS (the fatigue) and is also likely immunemediated. Similar to MS, studies of antibody reactivity have been inconsistent in proving a relationship between CFS and HHV-6 (Wallace et al., 1999 Ablashi et al., 2000 Enbom, 2001 Nicolson et al., 2003).
Reflexology should also be tried (and frequently gives good results) in disorders with vague symptoms like 'a feeling of malaise', general lassitude, chronic fatigue, pain in bones, trembling of the body, etc. Here, due to difficulty in arriving at a diagnosis, rational medicinal treatment is impossible to administer.
If a person's metabolism is hypo-functioning, everything is going to be slow. In a book I wrote called Solve the Riddle of Illness, I explain why upwards of 40 percent of the population may have subclinical hypothyroidism and not detect it by the traditional blood chemistry work that's done at their general practitioner's office. The symptoms of low thyroid include weakness dry coarse skin slow speech coarse hair hair loss weight gain difficulty breathing problems with menstruation nervousness heart palpitations brittle nails and severe chronic fatigue and depression.
Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common musculoskeletal syndrome characterized by generalized pain, fatigue, and a number of associated symptoms. The condition has formerly been called fibrositis and psychogenic rheumatism. The condition is confusing in that there is considerable overlap between FM symptoms and those of other conditions such as myofascial pain syndrome, temporomandibular joint syndrome, and chronic fatigue syndrome.
Another frequent GI disorder is called dysbiosis, an abnormality of gut ecology characterized by an imbalance in the number of good and bad bacteria in the colon. Yes, there are little critters living in your colon In fact, there are more bacteria and viruses living in your colon than there are cells in your entire body. Overall there may be between 400 and 500 different species of organisms living in your colon. When the balance between good and bad bacteria becomes disrupted, the entire digestive process can malfunction, leading to B12 deficiency, steatorrhea (fatty bowel movements), irritable bowel disease, inflammatory bowel disease, autoimmune arthritis, colon and breast cancer, and chronic fatigue.
Effects Germanium stimulates the immune system, acts as a free radical blocker, and protects against cancers, tumors, and viruses. Improves brain functioning by oxygenating the brain. It may also cure arthritis, and has been used in the treatment of AIDS, chronic fatigue syndrome, candidiasis, Parkinson's disease, cerebral sclerosis, and eye diseases. Much more research needs to be done, however.
The majority of patients with African tick-bite fever develop a mild-to-moderately severe illness that either resolves spontaneously within 10 days or responds promptly to antirick-ettsial treatment (26,32,35,37). Complications are rarely seen but recent case reports have described patients presenting with long-lasting fever (43), reactive arthritis (32,44), subacute cranial or peripheral neuropathy (45), chronic fatigue (45), neuropsychiatry symptoms (36), and myocarditis (46). Interestingly, some of these complications may evolve despite preceding treatment with antirickettsial drugs and are likely to be caused by immunological mechanisms (45). No fatalities have ever been reported in African tick-bite fever.
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