Natural Childbirth Options
Cyanosis From birth, suggests transposition or tetralogy. If delayed until teens or middle age, suggests Eisenmenger's syndrome or Ebstein's anomaly. If with crying, feeding, or warm bath, or if only with syncope, suggests tetralogy. If differential cyanosis and clubbing (fingers pink but toes blue), suggests duc-tus with Eisenmenger's syndrome. Frequent phlebotomies
However, these experiments have been neither efficient nor safe. In the case of Dolly, 277 eggs were used to produce only one lamb. In March 1996, the Roslin Institute also produced two lambs from mature embryo cells, Megan and Morag. However, they were only two out of five who were born and survived in a project that used over 200 embryos. Alan Coleman, research director of PPL Therapeutics, the company that produced Dolly, reported having cloned five female pigs who were genetically modified to lack a gene that makes pig organs incompatible with the human immune system. However, here the success rate was again quite low. Scientists implanted 300 embryos, producing twenty-eight sows that gave birth to seven live piglets, only four of which survived. In another project involving rabbits, 371 eggs were implanted, using twenty-seven rabbits as foster mothers, but only six rabbits were born and only five of these survived to the state of weaning. CC, the cat mentioned above, was one of...
Brachial plexus injuries may occur from traction on the arm during birth. The force of downward traction falls upon roots C5 and 6, resulting in paralysis of the deltoid and short muscles of the shoulder, and of brachialis and biceps which flex and supinate at the elbow. The arm, therefore, hangs limply by the side with the forearm pronated and the palm facing backwards, like a porter hinting for a tip (Erb-Duchenne paralysis). In adults this lesion is seen in violent falls on the side of the head and shoulder forcing the two apart and thus putting a tearing strain on the upper roots of the plexus.
Uses Can relieve difficulty in breathing, chest pain, diarrhea, cholera, menopausal disorders, childbirth pains, abdominal tension. Pressing LV-14 affects the liver, gall bladder, and diaphragm. Used traditionally to relieve side aches from too much running, and to relieve hiccups, belching, and snoring.
The presentation of an MPS I patient for diagnosis can occur at any time from birth to adulthood, depending on the severity of the disease 1 . Most Hurler and Hurler-Scheie patients present with one or more of a variety of clinical problems within the first few years of their life. Patients can show signs of developmental delay and experience frequent respiratory and ear infections, cardiac disease, enlarged liver and spleen, joint stiffness, excessive head growth, hernias, and malformation of the spine. Within a few years time, the patients will usually manifest, to varying degrees, medical problems in every body system.
Uses Penicillin-sensitive staphylo-cocci, pneumococci, streptococci, gonococci. Vincent's infection of the oropharynx. Lyme disease. Prophylaxis Rheumatic fever, chorea, bacterial endocarditis, pre- and postsur-gery. Should not be used as prophylaxis for GU instrumentation or surgery, sigmoidoscopy, or childbirth or during the acute stage of severe pneumonia, bacteremia, arthritis, empyema, pericarditis, and meningitis. Penicillin G, IV, should be used for treating neurologic complications due to Lyme disease. Contraindications Hypersensitiv-ity to penicillins.
Historical accounts and anecdotal reports show that among the most common medicinal uses of cannabis is pain relief 1 . Such accounts date back to the ancient Chinese physician Hoa-Gho thousands of years ago for surgical anesthesia, and to ancient Israel in 315-392 ad, likely for the control of pain in child birth 2 . The use of cannabis as medicine was so popular that there were at least 28 pharmaceutical preparations available in the United States prior to the passing of the Marijuana Tax Act in 1937 3 , which thwarted the legal use and development of cannabis-based medicine.
In animal tests the drug has caused pregnancy failure and has masculinized female offspring. Human fetal harm is a suspected consequence if pregnant women take doses of testosterone. A case report said that using the drug during pregnancy caused ambiguous gender appearance in a child, an appearance so ambiguous that the child was misidentified as male for several years even though she was female (as demonstrated by assorted medical tests and by the fact that as an adult she gave birth to a child). Testosterone has been investigated as a potential drug for stopping a woman's milk production. Regarding pregnancy and nursing, one manufacturer of the drug bluntly states that the product must not be used in women.
Research on altered states of consciousness has led to many benefits. The analgesic properties of hypnosis were verified in research conducted by Ernest Hilgard at Stanford University. He found that hypnotic suggestion could be used to reduce or eliminate experimentally induced pain. Even though subjects were not consciously aware of the pain, Hilgard found that, with the right questions, he could uncover a hidden observer, a dissociated aspect of the subject's conscious awareness that did monitor the feelings of pain. Hilgard reports that hypnotic relief from pain has been reported for the chronic pain of arthritis, nerve damage, migraine headaches, and cancer. For individuals who are unable to be anesthetized because of allergic reactions or fear of needles, hypnosis is often used as an effective substitute for the control of pain. It has been effectively applied in cases involving dental work, childbirth, burns, abdominal surgery, and spinal taps. Hypnotic suggestion has also been...
Patients with anti-Ro (SSA) antibodies may give birth to children with neonatal lupus (approximately one in four infants). This is caused by the mother's antibodies crossing the placenta and does not mean that the infant is going to have SLE. These infants have a characteristic rash, sometimes disturbed liver tests and an abnormal blood count, and most seriously but less commonly, heart block. in heart block the electrical conducting system is damaged so that impulses from the top half of the heart do not travel to the lower, pumping half, which therefore beats very slowly. The antibodies clear in a few weeks, and the blood, liver, and skin
Whey Recent experiments have suggested that whey, a protein that can be extracted cheaply from the waste product from cheese making, could provide a weapon in the battle against AIDS. Researchers have found that whey seems to block HIV from entering CD4 cells, the white blood cells that are the main target when the virus infects the body. Researchers think it might eventually be prepared as an ointment, for use along with condoms, to block transfer of the virus during sexual intercourse. other virologists think that whey might also be used as a wash for newborns to prevent them from being infected with HIV after passing through the birth canal. They speculate that it
The neonatal period is a critical period of development related to visceral sensation and function. Multiple lines of convergent evidence suggest that neural monitoring and control systems are rapidly developing at both peripheral and central sites during the mid- to late-neonatal period. For example, in rats, the spinobulbospinal reflexes associated with micturition develop at two to three weeks postpartum and are associated with alterations in transient glutamatergic receptor expression.85 Neurotrophins, which in rats are at minimal levels at birth in visceral tissues such as the urinary bladder, increase during development and have maximal levels present two weeks after birth with subsequent reductions with additional development.86 Taken together, these findings indicate that the viscera and the neural structures associated with sensation and motor function are rapidly changing in the neonatal period and infancy periods and, as such, are susceptible to modifications by factors,...
Dolly was born on July 5,1996 at the Roslin Institute in Scotland. By all appearances, she looked and acted like a normal sheep, but she was not normal. She was a clone, the first cloned sheep successfully born. Dolly grew up and gave birth to several lambs, but she suffered from premature aging. This disease caused her body to
Pain may be acute or chronic.11 Acute pain is often severe but usually lasts only until the removal of the source that triggered the pain. Acute pain includes nociceptive, somatic, or visceral pain, postoperative and posttraumatic pain, burn pain, acute pain during childbirth, acute headache, etc. Acute and postoperative pains are most often treated with the opioid analgesics.
The coccyx is the most inferior portion of the spine, most commonly called the tail bone. Pain originating from this area usually has an unknown etiology but has been associated with a sudden fall and childbirth. Patients present with tenderness over the coccyx and pain while sitting.
Uses In Burma, the latex of Carica papaya L. is used to expel intestinal worms and to remove the false membrane of diphtheria. In Cambodia, the seeds are used to counteract insect poison, and a poultice of the roots is used to treat uterine tumors. The roots are used to control excessive menses and to expel urinary stones. In Indonesia, the latex is used to expel intestinal worms and to counteract snake-poison. The roots and the seeds are used to expel intestinal worms. In China, the pulp of the fruit is applied to swollen and inflamed feet. In Malaysia, a paste made from the roots is rubbed all over the body after childbirth, and the seeds are ingested in the early months of pregnancy to abort it. The latex is used to remove skin patches. In the state of Kelantan, the latex of the unripe fruit was used as a poison for criminal purposes. In Cambodia, Laos, and Vietnam, the latex is used to expel intestinal worms, remove warts and corns, and to treat eczema and psoriasis. The tree was...
SSA and SSB These antibodies, also termed anti-Ro (SSA for SJOGREN'S syndrome A) and anti-La (SSB for Sjogren's syndrome B) are antinuclear antibodies found in patients with primary Sjogren's syndrome (75 percent), SLE (50 percent), and other autoimmune diseases. Anti-Ro antibodies occur more often than anti-La, and most patients with anti-La antibodies also have anti-Ro. Rarely patients with SLE have a negative ANA test and a positive test for anti-Ro antibodies. Women with anti-Ro SSA and anti-La SSB antibodies have an increased chance of delivering children with neonatal lupus and an abnormal heart rhythm called congenital heart block. In patients with SLE, the presence of anti-SSA and anti-SSB antibodies is associated with increased photosensitivity and a rash known as subacute cutaneous lupus. The test is most often performed in pregnant women with SLE, women who have given birth to a child with heart block, and patients in whom the diagnosis of primary Sjogren's syndrome is...
De Souza Caroci da Costa A and Gonzalez Riesco M 2006 A comparison of 'hands off' versus 'hands on' techniques for decreasing perineal laceration during birth. Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health, 51(2) 106-111 8. Chambers J 1996 Obstetric cholestasis - a cause of unexplained stillbirth Changing Childbirth Update, 5 4
The answer is d. (Tintinalli, 5 e, p 1054.) Organisms of the female genital tract may be acquired during passage through the birth canal and may cause meningitis in neonates. These organisms include Listeria monocytogenes, group B -hemolytic streptococci, and gram-negative rods such as Escherichia coli. Neonates may develop infections outside the birth canal, namely Salmonella, S. aureus, Proteus, and Pseudomonas, from contact with contaminated persons or articles after birth. The TORCHES organisms (Toxoplasmosis, Rubella, Cytomegalovirus, HErpes simplex, Syphilis) and HIV (human immunodeficiency syndrome) are other intrauterine-acquired infections.
Women were not allowed to give birth within the grounds of the temple, but Asclepius accepted various gynecological and obstetric hallenges, especially infertility. Many barren women reported that they became pregnant after visiting the temples. However, as demonstrated by the testimonial of Ithmonice, who asked the god if she could become pregnant with a daughter, supplicants had to be very careful in framing their requests. Hinting at the complications that might occur, Asclepius asked Ithmonice whether she wanted anything else, but she could not imagine wanting more. After carrying the child in her womb for three years, Ithmonice sought another favor from the god. Asclepius reminded Ithmonice that she had only requested conception and had not mentioned delivery, but the god graciously granted her new request. As soon as Ithmonice left the sacred precincts her daughter was born.
Ann Kaplan has argued that there has been a 'paradigm shift' in relation to childbirth and childcare so that they are 'no longer being viewed as an automatic, natural part of woman's life-cycle'.30 She connects this shift with (some) women's ability to choose whether or not to be mothers. One might also argue, however, that women are becoming separated from reproduction in the cultural imaginary because the maternal function can, increasingly, be fulfilled ectogenetically. Lessing thus draws on the language of evolutionary theory and genetics as an explanatory framework for monstrosity. The novel invites comparison with Frankenstein in some ways - for example, Ben resembles Frankenstein's monster in his sallow, waxy, unhealthy appearance. He is not, however, a laboratory creation, and is closely identified with his biological mother in the eyes of others. Harriett thus becomes, in time-honoured fashion, a maternal scapegoat 'Even David her husband , she believed, condemned her. She...
Vitamin C can also help alleviate the phlebitis that may occur after childbirth or surgery. Phlebitis (a disease of thrombi, or blood clots) begins as an inflammation in a vein, usually a vein in the legs. This inflammation may destroy the smaller capillaries or a larger vein, or it may migrate and lodge in the lungs or heart, causing heart failure or obstructing the vein completely. Vitamin C is believed to be able to maintain the wall strength of the veins and arteries, keeping them elastic and repairing weak spots where fibrinogen (a blood protein) might snag and begin building up into a clot. Dr. Constance Leslie of England has run a series of tests administering approximately 250 milligrams of vitamin C daily to thrombi patients with very successful results.
The gonococcus is an obligate human pathogen and transmission generally occurs through direct sexual contact. Infections typically occur on the mucosal epithelia of the male urethra or the female uterine cervix but can also affect the rectum, the throat, and the conjunctiva of the eye 3 . Very rarely, gonococci disseminate and cause a dermatitis-arthritis syndrome, endocarditis, or meningitis. Gonococci may also ascend from the endocervical canal and cause pelvic inflammatory disease, resulting in an increased risk of infertility and ectopic pregnancy 3 . Newborns exposed to infected secretions in the birth canal may develop ocular infections which can have serious consequences, such as corneal scarring or perforation. Gonorrhea occurs worldwide, with its highest incidence in developing countries 4 . The development of an effective vaccine has been hampered by the lack of a suitable animal model 5 and the fact that an effective immune response has never yet been demonstrated 6 .
Therapeutic Uses and Folklore the Incas from South America regarded chile peppers as holy plants and used them in offerings to appease the gods. They were valued as currency and were used as decorative ornaments. They were also used to ward off spells. Chile peppers have long been recognized by many cultures around the world for their medicinal qualities. Pre-Columbian Indians mixed pepper with other ingredients for sore throats, coughs, arthritis, acid indigestion, earaches, to promote better eyesight, and to expedite childbirth. The Caribs rubbed chilies (axi) into the wounds of would-be young warriors to strengthen their courage. The Andean cultures used it to treat severe headaches and strokes.
Although the primary indications have been for wellness and a reduction of stress and pain, there are many other ways in which massage therapy is clinically useful, including the following (1) pain reduction during painful procedures such as childbirth labor, and massage therapy prior to debridement for burn patients (2) pain reduction in chronic pain conditions such as juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, premenstrual syndrome, lower back pain, migraine headaches, and carpal tunnel syndrome (3) alleviation of depression and anxiety, such as in bulimia, anorexia, and chronic fatigue (4) stress reduction including job stress and separation stress and (5) immune disorders including HIV and breast cancer following an associated increase in natural killer cells, which are the front line of the immune system and ward off viral cells and cancer cells, as well as for the autoimmune conditions already mentioned, including diabetes and asthma. Although some therapists have warned of...
Music therapy has been evaluated for pain relief in 51 studies involving a variety of pain conditions including procedural pain (28 studies), post-operative pain (14 studies), chronic noncancer pain (3 studies), cancer (2 studies), experimental pain (2 studies), and labor pain (2 studies) 29 . Listening to music reduces pain by an average of 0.5 on a 10 point scale (95 CI 0.2-0.9), and increases likelihood of 50 pain relief by 70 (NNT 5). Post-operative opioid requirements were also reduced.
The first signs of Neolithization were found in the Near-East. Cattle breeding apparently developed there during the 8th millenary BC. Then, at the end of the same millenary, the first cultivated wheat, followed by other graminae and legumes appeared. Later on, goats, sheep, and pigs were domesticated. At the same time, the habit of cooking, mixing, and processing food became widespread. These nutritional innovations served as a basis for the construction of our present civilization. The development of agriculture, cities, the notion of family hearth and the settling process generated a new model of society which was considerably perfected and became more complex with time, giving birth to today's modern civilization. Certain innovations resulting from this evolution have changed our lives in a positive manner and can be considered as extraordinarily beneficial progress, particularly technological innovations such the telephone, telecommunications, electronics, computer science, and...
8) The NAVEL chakra is located on the navel. It controls a nd e nergizes the small intestine, lower large intestine, adrenal glands, and appendix. It affects the general vitality of a person. Malfunctioning of the navel chakra is manifested as constipation, appendicitis, difficulty in giving birth, low vitality, and other diseases related to the intestines. The word KI is used quite loosely to mean subtle energies. KI is sometimes used to mean air prana, ground prana, red prana, and other types of prana. It is also used to mean a type of synthetic ki produced by the navel chakra. This synthetic ki is quite different from prana or vital energy. 11 a ffects o ne's a bility to dr aw in, distribute, an d assimilate prana. Dur ing ba d weather conditions, the quantity of air prana is quite scarce. People with lesser synthetic ki h ave greater d ifficulty d rawing in air prana therefore th ey tend to feel rather t ired o r feel lower than the average person.
Constipation, difficulty in giving birth, appendicitis, low vitality and other diseases related to the intestines. The navel chakra is located on the navel. It controls and energizes the small intestine, lower large intestine, adrenal glands, and appendix. It affects the general vitality of a person. Malfunctioning of the navel chakra manifests as constipation, appendicitis, difficulty in giving birth, low vitality, and other diseases related to the intestines.
In the third generation of cooked-meat-fed animals, some of the bones became as soft as rubber and a true condition of osteogenesis imperfecta (imperfect bone structure from birth) was present Of the cats maintained entirely on the cooked meat diet, with raw milk, the kittens of the third generation were so degenerated that none of them survived the sixth month of life, thereby terminating the strain.
Dolly herself, meanwhile, seemed to enjoy her life as a media star. Most sheep are shy, backing away when humans come close, but Dolly ran forward to greet visitors. She put her front feet up on the fence around her pen, posed for pictures, and happily accepted petting and treats. Indeed, she was fed so often that she became quite fat. Her extra weight may have been one of the reasons why she developed arthritis at an unusually early age for a sheep. Overall, however, her health remained good. She gave birth, by normal reproductive means, to six healthy lambs.
Until recently, little active treatment could be offered to those with a parental karyotype abnormality other than referral to a genetic counsellor for informed advice regarding the prognosis for a future pregnancy. This has changed with the introduction of in vitro fertilization (IVF) and pre-implantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), in which fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) is used to infer the genetic status of an embryo from a single cell biopsied three days after fertilization. However, before embarking on this treatment avenue it should be recognized that the live birth rate cycle for those with a reciprocal translocation undergoing PGD is lower than would be hoped - between 29 oocyte retrieval rising to 38 embryo transfer 5 . This has to be compared to the live birth rate among those with a reciprocal translocation who persevere with spontaneous conception where the chance of a successful pregnancy, even after three miscarriages, is between 50 and 65 6 (Table 13.1). The...
Childbirth.org Web www.childbirth.org International Childbirth Education The Birth Partner Everything You Need to Know to Help a Woman Through Childbirth Easing Labor Pain The Complete Guide to a More Comfortable and Rewarding Birth, Revised Edition Right from Birth Building Your Child's Foundation for Life
Tests with rabbits, mice, and rats produced no birth defects. A case in which a pregnant woman taking diethylpropion gave birth to a malformed infant raised fear that it may cause fetal damage, but studies of pregnant women taking the drug attribute no birth defects to it. Nonetheless, potential for human birth defects is unknown. The drug passes into breast milk.
Gonococci are transmitted most often by sexual contact and infect the genitourinary tract, but are also quite frequently isolated from rectal and pharyngeal cultures. The infections of the genitourinary tract are most often symptomatic, whereas pharyngeal infections generally cause no symptoms. The conjunctivae are susceptible to gonococcal infection, particularly in neonates who acquire it by passing through an infected birth canal. Historically this infection, ophthalmia neonatorum, was extremely common and was the major cause of acquired blindness until the general acceptance of the preventive Crede procedure consisting of the instillation of drops of a 1 silver nitrate solution in the eyes of all newborns. This has been replaced by the use of less irritating antibiotic ointments.
Cannabis was certainly in use in Jerusalem during the later stages of Roman occupation. The remains of a fourteen year old girl and a full-term baby were found near Jerusalem in 1993 (Zlas et al., 1993). These were dated to the 4th century AD by coins buried with the bodies. The remnants of burned cannabis were also found, leading to speculation that drug fumes may have been inhaled as an aid to childbirth either as an analgesic or to aid uterine contractions. But this interpretation has been questioned (Prioreschi and Babin, 1993). The burning of cannabis might equally have represented part of the burial ritual, or simply a popular habit amongst the indigenous people.
Pregnancy And Childbirth
If Pregnancy Is Something That Frightens You, It's Time To Convert Your Fear Into Joy. Ready To Give Birth To A Child? Is The New Status Hitting Your State Of Mind? Are You Still Scared To Undergo All The Pain That Your Best Friend Underwent Just A Few Days Back? Not Convinced With The Answers Given By The Experts?