Summary Drug Table Drugs Used In The Management Of Gastrointestinal Disorders

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GENERIC NAME

TRADE NAME*

USES

DOSAGE RANGES

Proton Pump Inhibitors

esomeprazole magnesium

Nexium

Erosive esophagitis,

20-40 mg/d PO

ess-oh-me'-pra-zol

gastroesophageal reflux

disease (GERD), long-term

treatment of pathologic

hypersecretory conditions

lansoprazole

Pre vac id

Duodenal ulcer, H. pylori

1S-30 mg/d PO

lan-soe'-pra-zole

eradication in patients with

duodenal ulcer, gastric ulcer,

erosive esophagitis, GERD,

hypersecretory conditions

omeprazole

Prilosec

Duodenal ulcer, H. pylori

20-40 mg/d PO; 60 mg/d

oh-me'-pra-zol

eradication, hypersecretory

up to 120 mg TID

conditions, gastric ulcer,

erosive esophagitis, GERD,

hypersecretory conditions

pantoprazole sodium

Protonix, Protonix IV

GERD

40 mg PO daily to BID up

pan-toe'-pray-zol

to 120 mg/d; IV, 80 mg;

maximum dosage 240 mg/d

rabeprazole sodium

Aciphex

Duodenal ulcer, GERD,

2-60 mg/d

rah-beh'-pray-zol

hypersecretory conditions

Miscellaneous Gastrointestinal Drugs

bismuth

Bismatrol

Nausea, diarrhea, abdominal

2 tablets or 30 mL PO q

subsalicylate

Pepto-Bismol,

cramps, H. pylori with

30 min-1 h up to

Pink Bismuth

duodenal ulcer

8 doses in 24 h

balsalazide disodium

Colazal

Ulcerative colitis

3 750-mg capsules PO

bal-sal'-a-zyde

TID for 8 wk

infliximab

Remicade

Crohn's disease,

RA: 3 mg/kg IV; Crohn's:

in-flicks'-ih-mab

rheumatoid arthritis

5 mg/kg IV

mesalamine

Asacol, Rowasa,

Treatment of active to moderate

Suspension enema:

me-sal'-a-meen

generic

ulcerative colitis,

4 g once daily in 60 mL;

proctosigmoiditis, or

rectal suppository:

proctitis

500 mg (1 suppository)

BID; oral: 800 mg TID PO

misoprostol

Cytotec

Prevention of gastric ulcers

100-200 Mg QID PO

mye-soe-prost'-ole

caused by aspirin or NSAID use

(unlabeled use)

olsalazine

Dipentum

Maintenance of remission of

1 g/d in two divided

ole-sal'-a-zeen

ulcerative colitis in patients

doses PO

intolerant of sulfasalazine

sucralfate

Carafate, generic

Active duodenal ulcer

1 g/d PO in divided doses

soo-kral'-fate

sulfasalazine

Azulfidine, generic

Ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid

I g QID PO

sul-fa-sal'-a-zeen

arthritis

Antacids

aluminum carbonate gel,

Basaljel

2 tablets or capsules or

basic

10 mL of regular

a-loo'-mi-num

suspension (in water or fruit

juice) or 5 mL of extra

strength suspension as

often as every 2 h, up

to 12 times daily

(continued)

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Arthritis Joint Pain

Arthritis Joint Pain

Arthritis is a general term which is commonly associated with a number of painful conditions affecting the joints and bones. The term arthritis literally translates to joint inflammation.

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