Serological Evaluation of Patients With Renal Diseases

53 Ardiles LG, Mezzano SA, Moya P, Valderrama G 1997 Incidence and studies on antigenic specificities of antineutrophil-cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) in poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis. Clin Nephrol 47 1-5 54 Berden JH 1997 Lupus nephritis. Kidney Int 52 538-558 55 Dehan P, Tryggvason K, Foidart JM, Reeders ST, Zhang X, Weber M 1996 Sera from patients with anti-GBM nephritis including Goodpasture syndrome show heterogenous reactivity to recombinant NC1 domain of type IV collagen alpha...

Metabolic Acidosis due to Gluesniffing

Hyperchloremic Metabolic Acidosis Tube

Patients who sniff glue for its intoxicating properties absorb a significant quantity of toluene methylbenzene . Toluene is metabolized via a series of reactions in the liver to hippuric acid that provides the load of H Figure 23 . Deipite the production of the hippurate anion, the plasma anion gap is generally not significantly elevated because the kidney, both via filtration and more impori tantly by tubular secretion, very efficiently excretes hippurate. As a result, there is the development...