Bipolar Disorder Uncovered
Bipolar is a condition that wreaks havoc on those that it affects. If you suffer from Bipolar, chances are that your family suffers right with you. No matter if you are that family member trying to learn to cope or you are the person that has been diagnosed, there is hope out there.
The Manic Depression Fellowship (MDF) have played an important role in developing self-management programmes. The MDF argue that most individuals with BD have the potential, with optimal treatment, to return to normal social and occupational functioning, so avoiding poor long-term outcomes and becoming a burden on carers and families. However, such an outcome is often not achieved. One reason for people with BD not reaching optimal functioning is that the NHS is poorly resourced for their care. In our experience, comprehensive treatment programmes are far from being routinely provided. This is despite the fact that epidemiological data show that there are an estimated 500 000 people with BD in the UK (Weissman et al., 1998) and when burden of disease is measured by disability-adjusted life years , mood disorders are at the top of the list in America and third in Europe (WHO, 1999). Another reason may be that we have not regarded those people with BD as potential deliverers of...
It is estimated by the National Institute of Mental Health that more than 40 million Americans are affected by any one of a number of mental and emotional conditions that adversely affect the quality of their lives. These include depression, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, dementia, and autism, as well as other conditions, which, while they may not fall strictly under the rubric of mental illness, have a mental component, e.g., fatigue, insomnia, learning disabilities, attention deficit disorder, eating disorders, PMS, alcoholism, and aggressive behavior. When you consider that probably an additional 50 million people suffer from intermittent bouts of any number of these conditions, then you can see that close to one third of the entire American population is personally grappling with mental health concerns. chronic fatigue syndrome, but simple fatigue affects peoples' attitudes and behavior, and is a common factor in depression, bipolar disorder, and insomnia. Bipolar Disorders...
It is self-evident that any new psychotropic drug is likely to be expensive. This situation also applied to the drugs used to treat other chronic illnesses such as cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes. However, the cost of treatment implies more than the price of the drug. As most psychiatric disorders are chronic, costs must take into account the acute, maintenance and prophylactic phases of treatment. Thus in assessing the true cost, it is necessary to consider the ancillary procedures needed to monitor the patients' response to treatment (laboratory tests, etc.), managing any adverse effects of the medication, the relative costs of inpatient versus out-patient treatment, costs saved to the social and health services as a result of improved compliance and better response to treatment and the comparative costs of alternative treatments. It has been estimated that the cost of a new psychotropic drug for the treatment of depression, bipolar disorder or...
A few other potential medical effects of cannabis have appeared in case studies but no other formal research. These include beneficial outcomes for treating menstrual cramps, premenstrual syndrome, Crohn's disease, tinnitus, schizophrenia, adult attention deficit disorder, uncontrollable violent episodes, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, and bipolar disorder. At least one surprising case shows cannabis has helped end addiction to other drugs. All these problems have popular psychological and pharmacological interventions that do not include the cannabinoids. Yet some of the current treatments have negative side effects. They also are not effective for everyone. The case studies often portray individuals with negative attitudes about illicit drugs, who developed troublesome symptoms, struggled with standard treatments, and eventually turned to medical marijuana or oral cannabinoids for relief. These case studies certainly have many limitations, but they clearly suggest that...
Omega-3 fatty acids have been proposed to be potentially efficacious in a number of mental disorders 57-59 . Diminished levels of omega-3 fatty acids have been reported in mood disorders like depression. An epidemi-ological study looking at fish consumption and depressive symptoms in the general population in Finland found that the likelihood of having depressive symptoms was significantly higher among infrequent fish consumers than among frequent fish consumers, even after adjusting for potential confounders 60 . One double-blind placebo-controlled trial reported favourable results using omega-3 fatty acids as an adjunctive treatment in bipolar disorder 61 . Their molecular mechanism of action is still being elucidated, but, like the case in mood stabilizers, it seems to have to do with impacting on cell membrane function and signal transduction from the membrane to the nucleus through protein kinase signalling 62 .
We have studied three positive acute phase proteins (apps) in 201 patients with major depression. The patients were recruited from Department of Psychiatry, Medical Academy in Bydgoszcz (60 patients), Department of Adult Psychiatry University of Medical Sciences in Poznan (81 patients), the Depression Research Unit, University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia (60 patients). All the patients met DSM IV criteria for major depression. Among them there were 175 Major Depressive Disorder, Recurrent (MDDR) and 26 Bipolar Disorder (BP) (Sluzewska et al., 1996e).
Various disorders of the mind often caused by inherited genetic and learned environmental factors as well as external emotional stresses. Major categories include psychoses like schizophrenia and manic depression, neuroses like obsessive-compulsive disorder and hysteria, and personality disorders like drug dependence and alcoholism. Twenty-first-century psychiatry looks at causes in a patient's brain biology and genetics, as well as childhood influences and daily stresses.
People with major depression generally can express their thoughts coherently and do fairly well with proverbs. Usually they seem sad and complain about feelings of worthlessness and fatigue. They often have problems with eating and sleeping. Sometimes they have thoughts of hurting or killing themselves. Those people with bipolar disorder often have alternating feelings of depression and elation. They can have delusions or fantasies about themselves, but again they
Psychologic stress in humans induces the production of proinflammatory cytokines such as interferon gamma (IFN7), TNFa, IL-6, and IL-10. An imbalance of n-6 and n-3 PUFA in the peripheral blood causes an overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines. There is evidence that changes in fatty acid composition are involved in the pathophysiology of major depression. Changes in serotonin (5-HT) receptor number and function caused by changes in PUFAs provide the theoretical rationale connecting fatty acids with the current receptor and neurotransmitter theories of depression. The increased 20 4n-6 20 5n-3 ratio and the imbalance in the n-6 n-3 PUFA ratio in major depression may be related to the increased production of proinflammatory cytokines and eicosanoids in that illness. Studies have shown that EPA and DHA prolong remission, that is, reduce the risk of relapse in patients with bipolar disorder. There are a number of studies evaluating the therapeutic effect of EPA and DHA in major...
Dr Tod Mikuriyas International Classification of Diseases ICD Table Ailments Grouped by Body Systems Affected Benefited
296.3 Major depresssion, recurrent 296.6 Bipolar disorder In order for patients, nurses or doctors to understand why any particular drug or treatment works, they need to know about the disease. Cannabis is no exception. The more common medical indications for Cannabis are pain (of many types), nausea, anorexia, elevated intraocular pressure, spasms, cramps and seizures, insomnia, anxiety, cancer and AIDS or HIV symptoms. There are over 100 other symptomatic diseases in which Cannabis has provided clear symptomatic relief. These include opiate or benzodiazepine withdrawal, lupus, scoliosis, amytropic lateral sclerosis (ALS), brain trauma, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), tobacco dependence, hypertension and menopausal symptoms. The list is long.
The behavioral aspects of CH22qD include attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, poor social interaction skills, and impulsivity (Antshel et al. 2006 Lajiness-O'Neill et al. 2006 Niklasson et al. 2005 Parissis and Milonas 2005). Bipolar disorder, autistic spectrum disorder, and schizophrenia schizo-affective disorder are found in 10-30 of older patients, which is clearly above the frequency seen in other syndromes associated with developmental delay. Thus far, patients with behavioral problems and frank psychiatric disturbances have been treated with conventional modalities.
Insomnia may arise secondary to neurological or psychological disorders. y y d Patients with dementia may have difficulty falling asleep at night. In some, there may even be a reversal of the normal day-night sleep cycle in which the patient is awake and wandering about throughout the night hours and napping intermittently throughout the day. Certain psychiatric disorders, such as major depression or bipolar disorder may be the cause of insomnia. Particularly in the acute manic or hypomanic phase, there may be significant problems with sleep onset. Schizophrenic patients may also report sleep onset insomnia.
An X-linked recessive metabolic disease resulting from a deficiency of an enzyme of purine metabolism, HGPRT. If left untreated, patients develop full-blown gouty arthritis and urate nephropathy as well as subcutaneous tophaceous deposits. Compulsive, uncontrollable destructive behavior is typical of the disorder. Prenatal diagnosis is possible.
Some prefer American ginseng because it is a milder form than its Asian counterpart and avoids some of the side effects. Those suffering from acute inflammatory disease, anxiety disorder, bipolar disorder (manic-depression), heart palpitations, asthma, emphysema, or bronchitis should avoid American and Asian ginseng. Panax ginseng contains an estrogen-like compound that could cause problems in some individuals. Siberian ginseng is, strictly speaking, not ginseng at all, even though it comes from the same plant family it has fewer side effects and more consistent results, but since it creates heat in the body, it should be avoided by those suffering from hot dry eyes, rashes, chronic sore throats, or high blood pressure.
The thyroid gland is a little butterfly-shaped organ at the base of the neck that puts out a teaspoon of hormone a year which affects the metabolism and acts as a cellular carburetor for every cell in the body--from our hair follicles down to our toenails. As such, the thyroid can be implicated in just about any kind of condition you can think of. As for its relationship to psychological disorders, since it plays a role in the metabolism of the nervous system, people who have thyroid disorders have conditions like depression, anxiety, panic attacks, and bipolar disorders.
Discussion Lesch-Nyhan syndrome is an X-linked recessive metabolic disease resulting from a deficiency of an enzyme of purine metabolism, HGPRT. If left untreated, patients develop full-blown gouty arthritis and urate nephropathy as well as subcutaneous tophaceous deposits. Compulsive, uncontrollable destructive behavior is typical of the disorder. Prenatal diagnosis is possible.
Several substances produced by animals and fungi have been investigated for immune-modulating effects. Fish oils are the most studied. As a source of n-3 fatty acids, fish oil consumption by humans has been shown to influence the synthesis of inflammatory signaling molecules like prostaglan-dins, leukotrienes, and cytokines. In addition to direct effects on prostanoid synthesis, n-3 fats have also been shown to directly alter the intracel-lular availability of free calcium ions, the function of ion channels, and the activity of protein kinases. Generally administered as nutraceuticals rather than as functional foods, fish oil supplements have demonstrated anti-inflammatory and immune sup-pressive effects in human adults. A high intake of the n-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic (20 5n-3) and docosahexaenoic (22 6n-3) acid (DHA) from seafood or fish oil supplements has also been associated with prevention of several types of cancer, myocardial infarction, ventricular arrhythmias, migraine...