References

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Adjuvant Analgesics

When traditional analgesics (i.e., acetaminophen, NSAIDs, and opioids) do not completely alleviate pain, adjuvant drug therapy may be useful. These agents may enhance the effect or allow dosage reduction of commonly used analgesics, treat concurrent symptoms that exacerbate pain, or be more effective therapeutic agents in the treatment of specific pain syndromes. It is important for the practitioner to understand the role of adjuvant analgesics, including preferred drug selection in older...

Nerve Blocks

Use of Local Anesthetics to Block a Nerve Injection of a local anesthetic to achieve a temporary block in transmission of chronic noncancer pain and pain generated by the sympathetic nervous system sometimes allows prediction of what will happen if an attempt is made to destroy a nerve. In addition to performing such diagnostic nerve blocks, a variety of painful conditions arising from cancer are treated by blocking nerves with repeated injections or a continuous infusion of local anesthetics....